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Sediment budget of the Yangtze River
Wang, Zhao-Yin; Li, Yitian; He, Yiping
Corresponding AuthorWang, Zhao-Yin
AbstractThe sediment budget is a method to study the distribution of sediment in different parts of a river basin. This paper studies the sediment budget of the Yangtze River by analyzing the data on soil erosion, size distributions of sediment deposits, sediment load, and fluvial process. A method to determine the sediment budget for the Yangtze River is proposed in which the total soil erosion from the upstream reaches and tributaries is divided into two parts: sediment load transported to the Yichang station and sediment storage in the tributaries and gullies. Furthermore, the sediment load is divided into three parts: bed material load deposited in the middle and lower reaches for the fluvial process, wash load transported to the estuary, and sediment deposition in Tongting Lake. The sediment transported into the estuary is further divided into two parts: very fine sediment drifting to the ocean and sediment deposition in the estuary for land creation. There is a large sediment demand for (1) the fluvial process to reach the minimum stream power in the middle and lower reaches; (2) sediment mining for building material; and (3) land creation in the estuary. The riverbed profile in the middle and lower reaches is developing toward the equilibrium profile defined by the minimum stream power, but the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir interrupts and modifies this fluvial process. The annual sediment load in the Yangtze River has reduced due to various human activities by about 100 x 10(6) t in the past 15 years. Thus there is a sediment shortage for land creation in the river mouth.
KeywordChina Variability Yield
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Water Resources
Indexed BySCI
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Limnology ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000245584500001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:78[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Tsing Hua Univ, State Key Lab Hydrosci & Engn, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Chengdu Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Key Lab Mt Hazards & Surface Proc, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
3.Wuhan Univ, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Zhao-Yin,Li, Yitian,He, Yiping. Sediment budget of the Yangtze River[J]. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH,2007,43(4):W04401.
APA Wang, Zhao-Yin,Li, Yitian,&He, Yiping.(2007).Sediment budget of the Yangtze River.WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH,43(4),W04401.
MLA Wang, Zhao-Yin,et al."Sediment budget of the Yangtze River".WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH 43.4(2007):W04401.
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