IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2015  > Vol12 No.5
Economic Development through Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) Cultivation in Hindu Kush Himalaya Mountains of District Swat, Pakistan
Hassan SHER; Mary E. BARKWORTH
Corresponding AuthorHassan SHER
2015-09
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
ISSN1672-6316
Volume12Issue:5Pages:1292-1301
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractPoverty is pervasive in the Swat Valley in northwestern Pakistan, and most people survive by farming small landholdings. However, many supplement their meager subsistence earnings by collecting and selling plant material for use in herbal medicine. This material is wild-harvested, but collectors seem not to fully appreciate the potential value of the plant material they collect nor the long-term impact their collection has on local plant populations. A model project supported by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) persuaded small-scale farmers in four different villages to use some of their land for cultivating traditionally wild-harvested species of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) with high market value. The farmers were provided seeds or rhizomes of five MAPsand asked to monitor their germination and growth on 25 m2 plots during a 12 month period. At the end of the study, growth and yield data from the four localities were compared and economic analyses conducted to determine the profitability of the species based on yields, prevailing market prices, and costs of production. Five of the cultivated species were subsequently marketed and their value evaluated:Sesamum indicum, Linum usitatissimum, Ocimum basilicum, Nigella sativa and Viola pilosa. The MAPs V. pilosa andO. basilicum were the most profitable, whereas Nigella sativa was the least profitable because of its low germination rate. The net income from all but Nigella was higher than that would have been earned by planting the same area with the predominant cereals or tomatoes. In addition to demonstrating the feasibility and financial benefits of cultivating MAPs as a cash crop, this model study identified a number of additional steps that would increase the benefits of MAPs cultivation in this area. A combination of specialized education, market infrastructure development and a small loans program would enable farmers to increase their agricultural income without damaging the area’s plant diversity.
KeywordBiological Diversity Medicinal Plant Aromatic Plant Agriculture Productivity Traditional Crops Economic Analysis Himalaya Mountains
DOI10.1007/s11629-014-3247-2
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/10896
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2015_Vol12 No.5
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hassan SHER,Mary E. BARKWORTH. Economic Development through Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) Cultivation in Hindu Kush Himalaya Mountains of District Swat, Pakistan[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2015,12(5):1292-1301.
APA Hassan SHER,&Mary E. BARKWORTH.(2015).Economic Development through Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) Cultivation in Hindu Kush Himalaya Mountains of District Swat, Pakistan.Journal of Mountain Science,12(5),1292-1301.
MLA Hassan SHER,et al."Economic Development through Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) Cultivation in Hindu Kush Himalaya Mountains of District Swat, Pakistan".Journal of Mountain Science 12.5(2015):1292-1301.
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