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川中丘陵区小流域土地利用变化和泥沙来源示踪的δ13C技术
Alternative TitleA Case Study on Land Use Changes and Sediment Sources by the δ13 C Technique in the Hilly Sichuan Basin,the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River,China
高进长1,2; 朱虹3; 唐强1; 刘秀明1; 龙翼4; 张信宝1; 朱波1
Corresponding Author龙翼
2015
Source Publication山地学报
ISSN1008-2786
Volume33Issue:5Pages:521-527
Other Abstract

在2010年和2011年,采集长江上游川中丘陵区万安沟小流域塘库沉积泥沙、河床沉积泥沙、不同土地利用类型的表层土壤,应用δ13C技术研究小流域土地利用变化和泥沙来源。结果表明:森林坡地、弃耕坡地和耕种梯田的表层土壤δ13C值分别是-26.40‰,-25.91‰和-25.81‰,非常相近,说明土壤有机物δ13C主要是占主导地位C3植物的残留物,而C4植物玉米对土壤有机物δ13C值几乎没有影响。结合δ13C值和土地利用变化分析,土壤和沉积泥沙δ13C值是土地利用状况的良好指示因子,较低δ13C值(-26‰)表明丘陵坡地森林覆盖率较高,而较高δ13C值(-24.30‰)则说明森林覆盖率较低。δ13C技术只有在沉积泥沙主要来源是土壤有机物的条件下,才能定量评价沉积泥沙的不同来源。由于当地沉积泥沙有机物是土壤有机物、生物碎屑和生活污水的混合物,采用δ13C指标示踪泥沙来源的可靠性受到影响,但可以肯定地说,δ13C技术对定量评价沉积泥沙的来源是有帮助的。

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The δ13C techniques are employed to study land use changes and sediment sources in the Hilly Sichuan Basin. Some samples of pond sediments,channel bed sediments and four types of surface soils were collected in 2010 and 2011. The results show that the average δ13C values of surface soils for forest slopes,recently abandoned
cultivated sloping land and cultivated terraces are very close and they are - 26.40‰,- 25.91‰ and - 25.81‰,respectively. Those δ13C values indicate that the soil organic matter is residues of C3 plants in general,which are dominated in the natural plants of the region. Although maize is a common crop on rainfed fields in the catchment,
it has little influence on the δ13C values of the soil organic matter. By integrated analyses of the δ13C values in the sediments with the land use changes,it is suggested that δ13C values in soils and sediments are a good indicator for land use conditions. The lower values of around - 26‰ indicates good forest coverage conditions on the hillslopes in the catchment,while the higher value of around -24.30‰ indicates poor forest coverage conditions in the region. As the organic matter in the sediments is a mixture of soil organic matter,biological detritus as well as village sewages,δ13 C technique can only be used for quantitative assessment of sediment contributions from different sources under such environment conditions where the organic matter in sediments is predominately contributed from soil organic matter. However,the technique is helpful for qualitative assessment of sediment  contributions.

Keyword土地利用变化 泥沙来源 Δ13c技术 川中丘陵区
Subject AreaS157
DOI10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000065
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5642063
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/11018
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所/山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.四川省电力设计院
4.中国科学院地球化学研究所
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
高进长,朱虹,唐强,等. 川中丘陵区小流域土地利用变化和泥沙来源示踪的δ13C技术[J]. 山地学报,2015,33(5):521-527.
APA 高进长.,朱虹.,唐强.,刘秀明.,龙翼.,...&朱波.(2015).川中丘陵区小流域土地利用变化和泥沙来源示踪的δ13C技术.山地学报,33(5),521-527.
MLA 高进长,et al."川中丘陵区小流域土地利用变化和泥沙来源示踪的δ13C技术".山地学报 33.5(2015):521-527.
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