IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
基于137Cs、210Pb和CSLE的三峡库区小流域土壤侵蚀评估
Alternative TitleEvaluation of Soil Erosion in Small Watershed of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region by Using 137Cs,210Pb and CSLE
俱战省1,2; 文安邦1; 严冬春1; 史忠林1; 王彬俨1,2; 王永艳1,2
Corresponding Author文安邦
2015
Source Publication水土保持学报
ISSN1009-2242
Volume29Issue:3Pages:75-80
Other Abstract 综合应用137Cs和210Pb技术和中国土壤流失方程CSLE(Chinese soil loss equation)进行三峡库区腹地工农沟小流域土壤侵蚀的定量评价研究,尝试基于核素示踪技术计算的土壤侵蚀模数评估CSLE在库区林地小流域的估算效果。结果表明:(1)借助210PbexCRS计年模式获得了工农沟塘库沉积柱芯不同质量深度的沉积年代,与137Cs 1963年断代结果相比基本一致,定年结果可靠;(2)基于核素示踪技术(137Cs和210Pb)计算的小流域2002—2014年土壤侵蚀模数为269.09t/(km2·a),侵蚀强度属于微度侵蚀,年土壤侵蚀量为22.87t/a;(3)依据CSLE和考虑沟蚀因子的CSLE估算的小流域2002—2014年土壤侵蚀模数分别为256.07t/(km2·a)和317.53t/(km2·a),年土壤侵蚀量分别为21.77t/a和26.99t/a;(4)与核素计算的结果相比,CSLE和考虑沟蚀因子的CSLE的估算精度均≥80%,说明采用CSLE估算库区林地小流域土壤侵蚀量结果合理。 
;  To quantitatively evaluate soil erosion in Gongnong gully small watershed,which located in the middle part of the Three Gorges reservoir region(TGRR)of China,137Cs and 210Pb tracer techniques,as well as Chinese Soil Loss Equation(CSLE),were applied.This paper explored a new solution to evaluate soil erosion rates in forested watershed of TGRR through estimating soil erosion modulus by CSLE using 137Cs and 210Pb tracer techniques.The results showed that:(1)The results obtained by 210Pbex(constant rate of supply,CRS)and 137Cs techniques were similar for dating of pond sediment core of Gongnong gully,which proved the reliability of the dating results.(2)Soil erosion modulus and soil erosion amount between 2002 and 2014,which were calculated by 137Cs and 210Pb techniques,were 269.09t/(km2·a)and 22.87t/a,respectively.The soil erosion intensity could be classified as tiny erosion.(3)Soil erosion modulus and soil erosion amount estimated by CSLE were 256.07t/(km2·a)and 21.77t/a,respectively.Soil erosion modulus and soil erosion amount estimated by CSLE including gully erosion factor were 317.53t/(km2·a)and 26.99t/a,respectively.(4)The precision of soil erosion amounts estimated by CSLE and CSLE including gully erosion factor were more than 80% comparing to the results calculated by 137Cs and 210Pb techniques,which indicated that soil erosion amount estimated by CSLE was more reasonable and reliable in forested watershed of TGRR.
Keyword137cs 210pb Csle 土壤侵蚀 工农沟小流域 三峡库区
Subject AreaS157.1
DOI10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2015.03.015
Language中文
Funding Organization中国科学院西部行动计划项目(KZCX2-XB3-09) ; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAD31B03) ; 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(41201275,41301293) ; 西部之光“西部博士”项目
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/13805
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
科技与合作处
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所/中科院山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
俱战省,文安邦,严冬春,等. 基于137Cs、210Pb和CSLE的三峡库区小流域土壤侵蚀评估[J]. 水土保持学报,2015,29(3):75-80.
APA 俱战省,文安邦,严冬春,史忠林,王彬俨,&王永艳.(2015).基于137Cs、210Pb和CSLE的三峡库区小流域土壤侵蚀评估.水土保持学报,29(3),75-80.
MLA 俱战省,et al."基于137Cs、210Pb和CSLE的三峡库区小流域土壤侵蚀评估".水土保持学报 29.3(2015):75-80.
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