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基于失地农民满意度视角的征地补偿研究——以成都市为例
Alternative TitleA Research of Land Acquisition Compensation Based on Landless Farmers’ Satisfaction——Exemplified in Chengdu City
Language中文
马宇翔
Thesis Advisor苏春江
2015
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Name硕士
Degree Discipline人文地理学
Keyword征地补偿 满意度 失地农民 成都市
Abstract改革开放以来,我国城镇化进程明显提速,国民经济高速增长,中国已然成为了世界上仅次于美国的第二大经济体。中国的中小城镇在数量上快速增加,空间上急剧扩展,建设用地面积迅速扩张。而国有存量建设用地较之城镇化对土地的巨大需求显得极为有限,难以满足实际建设需要。这一大量需求往往通过征收农民土地的方式来获得满足。 土地作为农民生活的最基本保障,是农村稳定的基础,更是社会经济赖以发展的基础。然而,随着经济改革日益深化,采用“产值倍数法”和“征地区片综合地价法”来对农民进行征地补偿标准的方式,逐渐暴露出弊端来,征地补偿导致的矛盾不断,冲突频发,严重影响社会和谐和国家政治稳定。 在征地补偿政策内容及其实施过程中,容易引发失地农民对征地补偿不满意并产生纠纷的问题有哪些?农民对征地补偿的满意度如何?影响失地农民受偿满意度的因素有哪些?该如何改进?这是本论文主要的研究内容和拟解决的问题。 本论文从失地农民视角出发,在对成都市的征地补偿政策进行梳理,并在与部分国内外征地补偿标准进行对比分析的基础上,首先,探究成都市征地补偿政策内容及其实施过程中,容易引发失地农民对征地补偿不满意的问题所在。其次,选取成都市温江区、龙泉驿区以及金堂县作为调查区域,开展问卷调查,了解征地补偿的实际实施情况,探究失地农民对征地补偿的满意度。再次,利用SPSS17.0软件进行有序Logistic回归分析,探究影响成都市失地农民征地补偿满意度的因素。最后,综合分析成果,为优化征地补偿制度、缓解社会矛盾,提出符合实际、具有可行性的建议。得到的结论如下: (1)在征地补偿政策及其实施过程中,容易引发失地农民对征地补偿不满意的问题主要有:统一年产值标准的测算方式;统一年产值标准时效性不强;补偿标准不统一;新旧政策交替阶段,征地补偿标准却存在较大差异引发农民心理上的不平衡;社会保障资金的个人缴费部分,先从其所得的补偿金中扣除,有时甚至还需要自己再交一笔钱。 (2)成都市失地农民受偿满意度整体情况:对征地补偿标准一般满意的农民最多,非常满意的最少。有14.80%的失地农民表示非常不满意,有21.20%的失地农民表示较不满意,有31.20%的失地农民认为一般;有26.00%的失地农民对征地比较满意;有6.80%的失地农民表示非常满意。 (3)对3个调查区域失地农民的满意度分别进行统计,温江区的满意度最高,金堂县最低。温江区农民表示非常满意、较满意和一般满意的人数占温江区接受问卷总人数的88.90%,远远高于龙泉驿区的56.50%和金堂县的51.60%。失地农民征地满意度在地貌上表现出平原>丘陵>山区的特征。 (4)影响失地农民受偿满意度的因素包括:失地农户年龄、居住地貌类型、征地后农户家庭月收入、被征地面积、农户是否愿意、征地补偿是否征求农户意见、农户对补偿标准评价,这七个因素对失地农民征地补偿满意度有显著影响。
Other AbstractSince the reform and opening up, China's urbanization process is significantly accelerated, the national economy grow rapidly. China has become the world second largest economy behind the American. Not only the amount of cities increases, but also the space expanses rapidly. However the existing construction land is so limited that cannot meet the actual needs of the construction. This huge demand is satisfied through acquisition of land. As the basic guarantee of farmers’ life, land is the foundation of the rural stability, social and economic development. However, with the deepening of economic reforms, using the “multiple output method” and “integrated land price method" to calculate the compensation standard of land acquisition, gradually exposed the shortcomings. Constant contradictions and conflicts resulting from land acquisition compensation are big threats to national political stability and social harmony. From the perspective of landless farmers, firstly, by sorting out land acquisition compensation policy of Chengdu City and comparing with some domestic and foreign land acquisition compensation standard, this paper tries to find the problems easily lead to the landless farmers’ dissatisfaction with the land acquisition compensation. Secondly, through field survey ,sampling the landless farmers in Wen Jiang, Long Quanyi, Jin Tang, this paper tries to understand the actual implementation and the satisfaction of the landless farmers. Thirdly by using ordinal Logistic modle in SPSS17.0 software, this paper studies on the influence factors of landless farmers’ satisfaction with land acquisition compensation. Lastly, this paper puts forward practical and feasible suggestions in order to optimize the system of land acquisition compensation and alleviate social contradictions. The contents are mainly as followed. (1)In the process of land acquisition compensation policy and its implementation, problems easily lead to the landless farmers’ dissatisfaction including: measuring method of land acquisition unified annual production value standard; timeliness of Unified annual production value standard is not strong; land compensation standard is not unified; alternations between old and new policy, the bigger difference of land acquisition compensation standard cause psychological imbalance of landless farmers; individual capture expends part of social security funds, first deducted from the income compensation, sometimes landless farmers even need pay their money. (2)The landless farmers’ satisfaction of land acquisition compensation in Chengdu, the number of generally satisfactory with land acquisition compensation are most, most satisfied are least. 14.80% of landless farmers are most dissatisfied, 21.20% of landless farmers feel less dissatisfied with land acquisition compensation, 31.20% of landless farmers are generally satisfactory;26.00% of landless farmers are more satisfied; 6.80% of the farmers are most satisfied. (3)On the survey of landless farmers satisfaction in three regions, Wen Jiang get the highest satisfaction, Jin Tang get the lowest. In Wen Jiang, the number of most satisfied, more satisfaction, general satisfaction accounted for 88.90% of the total number of people receiving the questionnaires, which is much higher than that of Long Quanyi 56.50%and Jin Tang 51.60%. The landless farmers’ satisfaction features in the landscape which shows people living on plain is more satisfied than the hill, the hill than the mountain. (4)Factors that affect the satisfaction compensation of landless farmers include: the age of landless farmer, geomorphic type of residence, monthly income of landless farmers, expropriated land area, the willingness of landless farmers, farmers' evaluation of the compensation standard. These factors have a significant influence on the satisfaction compensation of landless farmers.
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/14135
Collection山区发展研究中心
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
马宇翔. 基于失地农民满意度视角的征地补偿研究——以成都市为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.
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