IMHE OpenIR  > 成都山地所知识仓储(2009年以前)
Tillage erosion, water erosion and soil quality on cultivated terraces near Xifeng in the Loess Plateau, China
T. A. Quine1; D. E. Walling1; X. Zhang2
Corresponding AuthorT. A. Quine
1999
Source PublicationLand Degradation & Development
ISSN1099-145X
Volume10Issue:3Pages:251–274
Abstract

This study sought to contribute to the understanding of soil redistribution by tillage on terraces and the extent and causes of within-field variation in soil properties by examining the spatial distributions of soil redistribution rates, derived using caesium-137, and of total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations, within a ribbon and a shoulder terrace in a yuan area of the Loess Plateau of China. Additional water erosion rate data were obtained for nine other terraces.

Water erosion rates on the ribbon terraces were low (<1 kg m−2 yr−1), unless slope tangents exceeded 0·1. However, despite the use of animal traction, high rates of tillage erosion were observed (mean 5·5 kg m−2 yr−1). Soil nitrogen concentrations were related to rates of soil redistribution by tillage on the ribbon terrace examined in detail. In general, higher rates of water erosion (0·5–2·9 kg m−2 yr−1) and lower rates of tillage erosion (mean 1·4 kg m−2 yr−1) were evident on the longer shoulder terraces. On the shoulder terrace examined in detail, soil phosphorus concentrations were related to net rates of soil redistribution.

A statistically significant regression relationship between water erosion rates and the USLE length and slope factor was used in conjunction with the simulation of tillage erosion rates to evaluate a range of terrace designs. It is suggested that off-site impacts of erosion could be further reduced by ensuring that the slope tangents are kept below 0·06 and lengths below 30 m, especially on the shoulder terraces. Tillage erosion and the systematic redistribution of soil nutrients could be reduced by modification of the contour-cultivation technique to turn soil in opposing directions in alternate years.

KeywordWater Erosion Tillage Erosion Soil Variability Caesium-137 Soil Conservation Usle Terraces China
DOI10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199905/06)10:3<251::AID-LDR342>3.0.CO;2-F
Language英语
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/14140
Collection成都山地所知识仓储(2009年以前)
Affiliation1.Department of Geography, University of Exeter, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, UK
2.Institute of Mountain Disasters and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
T. A. Quine,D. E. Walling,X. Zhang. Tillage erosion, water erosion and soil quality on cultivated terraces near Xifeng in the Loess Plateau, China[J]. Land Degradation & Development,1999,10(3):251–274.
APA T. A. Quine,D. E. Walling,&X. Zhang.(1999).Tillage erosion, water erosion and soil quality on cultivated terraces near Xifeng in the Loess Plateau, China.Land Degradation & Development,10(3),251–274.
MLA T. A. Quine,et al."Tillage erosion, water erosion and soil quality on cultivated terraces near Xifeng in the Loess Plateau, China".Land Degradation & Development 10.3(1999):251–274.
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