IMHE OpenIR  > 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Alternative TitleAnalyses of Poverty Risk Induced by Mountain Disasters: A Case Study in Enshi, China
田宏岭; 张建强
Source Publication地球信息科学学报
Contribution Rank1
Other AbstractMost of the poverty areas in China are mainly distributed in the mountainous areas, which are also prone to several mountain disasters. These disasters may lead or enhance the poverty to some extent. Current research on mountain disaster mainly focuses on the kinetics whereas pays less attention on the risks, especially on the risk of poverty. The authors distinguished the specific mountain disasters from the common disasters, and summarized the characteristics of mountain disasters, then give out the explanation of poverty vulnerability and poverty risk induced by mountain disasters. The poverty risk model is set up from the perspectives of two aspects, the hazard and the vulnerability, where the hazard is a function of susceptibility, and the vulnerability is consisted of the copping ability and exposure. With this concept, a demonstrative research is carried out for Enshi in Hubei province, which is located in the central China and is a minority mountainous area in severe poverty condition. In this demonstration, the hazard susceptibility is obtained from the landslide historical records and geological environments background analysis. As the vulnerability, the building structure intensity and completeness of infrastructure, and the net income of the farmers were factors of the copping ability,while the density of cultivated land ratio, the poverty population rate and the GDP were factors of the exposure. The final poverty risk map was produced with the upper dual-factor model and was divided into 5 levels for usability. In the end, some suggestions about poverty-reduction and disaster mitigation were introduced by the authors from the perspective of poverty risk, such as the integrate disaster and poverty reduction, and some other management policies were also recommended.
Keyword贫困 山地灾害 风险 脆弱性
Indexed ByCSCD
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Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
田宏岭,张建强. 山地灾害致贫风险初步分析----以湖北省恩施州为例[J]. 地球信息科学学报,2016,18(3):307-314.
APA 田宏岭,&张建强.(2016).山地灾害致贫风险初步分析----以湖北省恩施州为例.地球信息科学学报,18(3),307-314.
MLA 田宏岭,et al."山地灾害致贫风险初步分析----以湖北省恩施州为例".地球信息科学学报 18.3(2016):307-314.
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