IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2016  > Vol13 No.5
Weathering and soils formation on different parent materials in Golestan Province, Northern Iran
Maryam MAHMOODI; Farhad KHORMALI; Arash AMINI; Shamsollah AYOUBI
Corresponding AuthorFarhad KHORMALI
2016-05
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
ISSN1672-6316
Volume13Issue:5Pages:870-881
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractGeochemical, mineralogical, and micromorphological characteristics of soils and their relevant parent rocks including loess, ignimbrite, sandstone and limestone were investigated to identify the soil-parent material uniformity and the weathering degree of soils in Golestan Province, northern Iran. Highly developed Calcixerolls and moderately developed Haploxerepts were formed on loess and limestone, respectively. In contrast, the soils formed on ignimbrite and sandstone were non-developed Entisols. Illite was the dominant clay mineral found in ignimbrite and sandstone in both the A horizon and parent material. In loess derived soils however, smectite was dominant especially in the Bt horizon compared to its parent material indicating partly to its pedogenic formation. In limestone, illite and vermiculite were dominant both in the A and C horizons. Ti/Zr ratio proved that the studied soils were closely related to their underlying parent materials geochemically.Chemical index of alteration (CIA), micromorphological index of soil development (MISECA), smectite/illite+chlorite ratio and magnetic susceptibility were applied to investigate the degree of soil development. Results showed that the most and the least developed soils were those formed on loess deposits and limestone, respectively. Application of the different geochemical and pedogenetic approaches was proved to be useful in identifying the relevance of soils to their underlying parent materials and also their degree of development.
KeywordParent Material Soil Formation Weathering Index Loess Iran
DOI10.1007/s11629-015-3567-x
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:7[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/15129
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2016_Vol13 No.5
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Maryam MAHMOODI,Farhad KHORMALI,Arash AMINI,et al. Weathering and soils formation on different parent materials in Golestan Province, Northern Iran[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2016,13(5):870-881.
APA Maryam MAHMOODI,Farhad KHORMALI,Arash AMINI,&Shamsollah AYOUBI.(2016).Weathering and soils formation on different parent materials in Golestan Province, Northern Iran.Journal of Mountain Science,13(5),870-881.
MLA Maryam MAHMOODI,et al."Weathering and soils formation on different parent materials in Golestan Province, Northern Iran".Journal of Mountain Science 13.5(2016):870-881.
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