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基于流域单元的岷江上游泥石流危险性评价
Alternative TitleAssessment on the Hazard of Debris Flows in the Upper Min River Based on the Watershed Catchment-Unit
李炫1,2; 杨本勇3; 范建容1; 张建强1; 李磊磊1,2
Corresponding Author范建容
2015-12
Source Publication水土保持研究
ISSN1005-3409
Volume22Issue:6Pages:335-339
Abstract泥石流的形成需要具备高陡的地形、充足的水源以及丰富而松散的固体物源三个基本条件,当山区小流域具备上述条件时,都有发生泥石流的可能。本文选取岷江上游区域作为研究区,以数字高程模型(DEM)作为基础数据,运用均值变点法和河网密度法结合遥感影像,实现研究区内小流域划分;针对影响泥石流形成的三个基本条件,以小流域作为评价单元,选取地层岩性、断裂密度、平均坡度、形状系数、沟道比降、24 h最大降雨量等六个评价指标,应用主成分分析法计算各因子的权重,对岷江上游地区进行泥石流危险性评价。分析结果表明,评价的结果能较好的反映出岷江上游的泥石流分布情况,为该区泥石流灾害的防治提供了参考和依据。
Other AbstractThere are three condition of the debris flow on formation include topography, geology and precipitation. Where there are formation conditions of debris flow, there is possible for the debris flow's occurrence. This article choose the upper Min River as study area, Take the digital elevation model(DEM) as the basic terrain data, and use the mean change point method and drainage density method combine with the remote sensing image, we get the distribution of drainage area. And we calculate topographic factors of each drainage area, such as lithology, the density of fracture, average slope, degree of watershed development, channel gradient and 24 hours rainfall of each Valley. using the principal component analysis, we identify the potential sites of Debris Flows in the upper Min River. According to the analysis result, the evaluation results reflect the distribution of debris flow of the upper Min River, which can provide guidance and reference for disaster prevention in this area
Keyword泥石流 岷江上游 流域单元 危险性评价
Subject AreaP642.23
DOI10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2015.06.046
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5573887
Funding Organization数字制图与国土信息应用工程国家测绘地理信息局重点实验室开放基金(DM2013SC01) ; 四川省应急测绘保障与地质灾害监测工程技术研究中心开放资助项目(K2014B011) ; 中科院重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-08-01)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17203
Collection数字山地与遥感应用中心
山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院 水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.中国科学院大学
3.国家测绘地理信息局第三地理信息制图院
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李炫,杨本勇,范建容,等. 基于流域单元的岷江上游泥石流危险性评价[J]. 水土保持研究,2015,22(6):335-339.
APA 李炫,杨本勇,范建容,张建强,&李磊磊.(2015).基于流域单元的岷江上游泥石流危险性评价.水土保持研究,22(6),335-339.
MLA 李炫,et al."基于流域单元的岷江上游泥石流危险性评价".水土保持研究 22.6(2015):335-339.
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