IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2016  > Vol13 No.6
Birds in rocky habitats of the Tatra Mountains (Carpathians): species diversity and multiple ecological relationships
Michał CIACH; Filip KOWALSKI
Corresponding AuthorMichał CIACH
2016-06
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
ISSN1672-6316
Volume13Issue:6Pages:1078-1084
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractRocky habitats are regarded as biodiversity hot-spots. Along with high species diversity, diverse ecological relationships can be observed in these habitats. Large groups of bird species use rocks in various ways: as perching/roosting sites, breeding or foraging habitats, information exchange sites, display arenas or as sources of minerals and water. Because of the inaccessibility of these environments, their role and importance to animals has been underestimated. We evaluated the use of rocky habitats by birds in the Tatra Mountains (49°13'N; 19°57'E, Carpathians, central Europe). Rocky habitats were used by 29 bird species, eight of which used cliffs directly (i.e. for nesting, foraging or resting). The number of species recorded as using cliffs was correlated with the surface area of the cliff face. A total of 20 forms of rocky habitat use were recorded, in five behavioural categories: vocalization, foraging, perching, flight and nesting. Prevailing behaviours were flying by a rock face, circling above the face, and vocalization on a tree/shrub growing next to a rock. Rocks provide a nesting habitat for specialized petrophilic species and permit the existence of numerous ecological relations between species and habitats. The results of this study show that rocky habitats support the diversity of ecological relationships.
KeywordBird Community Rock Cliff Mountains Alpine Species Ecological Relationships
DOI10.1007/s11629-015-3752-y
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17222
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2016_Vol13 No.6
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Michał CIACH,Filip KOWALSKI. Birds in rocky habitats of the Tatra Mountains (Carpathians): species diversity and multiple ecological relationships[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2016,13(6):1078-1084.
APA Michał CIACH,&Filip KOWALSKI.(2016).Birds in rocky habitats of the Tatra Mountains (Carpathians): species diversity and multiple ecological relationships.Journal of Mountain Science,13(6),1078-1084.
MLA Michał CIACH,et al."Birds in rocky habitats of the Tatra Mountains (Carpathians): species diversity and multiple ecological relationships".Journal of Mountain Science 13.6(2016):1078-1084.
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