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青藏高原高寒区阔叶林植被固碳现状、速率和潜力
Alternative TitleCarbon storage and potentials of the broad-leaved forest in alpine region of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, China
王建1,2; 王根绪1; 王长庭3; 冉飞1; 常瑞英1
Corresponding Author王根绪
2016
Source Publication植物生态学报
ISSN1005-264X
Volume40Issue:4Pages:374–384
Other Abstract为明晰青藏高原高寒区阔叶林植被碳储量现状及其动态变化特征,利用森林资源清查数据和标准样地实测数据,估算了青藏高原高寒区(青海和西藏两省区)阔叶林植被的碳储量、固碳速率和固碳潜力。结果表明:2011年青藏高原高寒区阔叶林植被碳储量为310.70 Tg,碳密度为89.04 Mg·hm–2。六类阔叶林型(栎(Quercus)林、桦木(Betula)林、杨树(Populus)林、其他硬阔林、其他软阔林和阔叶混交林)中,阔叶混交林的碳储量最大,杨树林碳储量最小;其他硬阔林碳密度最大,其他软阔林碳密度最小。空间分配上碳储量和碳密度表现为:乔木层>灌木层>凋落物层>草本层>枯死木层。不同龄级碳储量和碳密度总体表现为随林龄增加逐渐增大的趋势。阔叶林碳储量从2001年的304.26 Tg增加到2011年的310.70 Tg,平均年固碳量为0.64Tg·a–1,固碳速率为0.19 Mg·hm–2·a–1。不同林型固碳速率表现为其他软阔林最大,其他硬阔林最小;不同龄级表现为成熟林最大,幼龄林最小。阔叶林乔木层固碳潜力为19.09 Mg·hm–2,且不同林型固碳潜力表现为栎林最大,桦树林最小。三次调查期间阔叶林碳储量逐渐增加,主要原因是近年来森林保护工程的开展使阔叶林生长健康良好。; Aims Our objective was to explore the vegetation carbon storages and their variations in the broad-leaved forests in the alpine region of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau that includes Qinghai Province and Xizang Autonomous Region. Methods Based on forest resource inventory data and field sampling, this paper studied the carbon storage, its sequestration rate, and the potentials in the broad-leaved forests in the alpine region of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Important findings The vegetation carbon storage in the broad-leaved forest accounted for 310.70 Tg in 2011, with the highest value in the broad-leaved mixed forest and the lowest in Populus forest among the six broad-leaved forests that include Quercus, Betula, Populus, other hard broad-leaved species, other soft
broad-leaved species, and the broadleaved mixed forest. The carbon density of the broad-leaved forest was 89.04 Mg·hm–2, with the highest value in other hard broad-leaved species forest and the lowest in other soft broad-leaved species forest. The carbon storage and carbon density in different layers of the forests followed a sequence of overstory layer > understory layer > litter layer > grass layer > dead wood layer, which all increased with forest age. In addition, the carbon storage of broad-leaved forest increased from 304.26 Tg in 2001 to 310.70 Tg in 2011. The mean annual carbon sequestration and its rate were 0.64 Tg·a–1 and 0.19 Mg·hm–2·a–1, respectively.
The maximum and minimum of the carbon sequestration rate were respectively found in other soft broad-leaved species forest and other hard broad-leaved species forest, with the highest value in the mature forest and the lowest in the young forest. Moreover, the carbon sequestration potential in the tree layer of broad-leaved forest reached 19.09 Mg·hm–2 in 2011, with the highest value found in Quercus forest and the lowest in Betula
forest. The carbon storage increased gradually during three inventory periods, indicating that the broad-leaved forest was well protected to maintain a healthy growth by the forest protection project of Qinghai Province and Xizang Autonomous Region.
Keyword碳储量 固碳速率 固碳潜力 阔叶林 青藏高原高寒区
Subject AreaS718.5
DOI10.17521/cjpe.2015.0152
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5701264
Funding Organization中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05050207) ; 中国科学院重点部署项目-创新团队国际合作伙伴计划(KZZD-EW-TZ-06)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17399
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所中国科学院山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.西南民族大学生命科学与技术学院
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王建,王根绪,王长庭,等. 青藏高原高寒区阔叶林植被固碳现状、速率和潜力[J]. 植物生态学报,2016,40(4):374–384.
APA 王建,王根绪,王长庭,冉飞,&常瑞英.(2016).青藏高原高寒区阔叶林植被固碳现状、速率和潜力.植物生态学报,40(4),374–384.
MLA 王建,et al."青藏高原高寒区阔叶林植被固碳现状、速率和潜力".植物生态学报 40.4(2016):374–384.
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