IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
施氮方式及测定方法对紫色土夏玉米氨挥发的影响
Alternative TitleEffects of different fertilization and measurement methods on ammonia volatilization of summer maize in purple soil
张翀1; 李雪倩1; 苏芳1; 朱波2; 巨晓棠1
Corresponding Author巨晓棠
2016
Source Publication农业环境科学学报
ISSN1672-2043
Volume35Issue:6Pages:1194-1201
Other Abstract以川中丘陵区紫色土为对象,研究了撒施尿素添加脲酶抑制剂及尿素深施对夏玉米季氨挥发的减排效果,为合理施肥和减少农田氨排放提供依据;同时,对比风洞法和密闭室连续抽气法测定氨挥发的结果,为准确定量农田氨挥发提供方法依据。设置5个施氮方式处理,分别为:不施氮(CK);农民传统施氮——雨后撒施尿素(BC);撒施添加有Limus(德国BASF公司新开发的脲酶抑制剂)的尿素(BC+Limus);尿素一次性条施(Band1);尿素分两次条施(Band2)。除不施氮处理外,其他处理施氮量均为150 kg·hm-2,各处理采用密闭室连续抽气法测定氨挥发。另外,选取农民传统施氮处理用风洞法测定氨挥发,以研究不同测定方法对氨挥发损失量的影响。结果表明:紫色土夏玉米季农民传统的施氮方式氨挥发损失率可高于40%,而处理BC+Limus、Band1、Band2的氨挥发损失率分别为4.8%、3.8%、1.3%,分别比处理BC减少了90%、92%和97%的氨挥发损失,均具有很好的减排效果。密闭室连续抽气法测定氨挥发量稍高于风洞法,氨挥发损失率分别为48.4%和41.9%,但差异不显著。 
; Soil properties, local climatic conditions and fertilization method in purple soil regions may significantly affect ammonia volatilization(AV). In this study, the effects of different fertilization methods on AV from purple soil were investigated during summer maize
growth in middle Sichuan Province. Two different AV measurement methods(i.e., wind tunnel method and continuous airflow enclosure method)were compared to better quantify ammonia emissions from croplands. Five fertilization methods with three replicates were used in the experiment included CK(no nitrogen fertilizer), BC(broadcast urea, which is the local conventional practice), BC+Limus [broadcast
urea amended with urease inhibitor Limus(a new urease inhibitor developed by BASF)], Band1(band urea once), Band2(band urea twice). The AV in all the treatments was determined by enclosure method. For BC treatments, AV was monitored by a wind tunnel system simultaneously. Results showed that AV loss rates were greater than 40% in BC, but only 4.8%, 3.8% and 1.3% in BC+Limus, Band1 and Band2, respectively, a reduction of 90%, 92%, and 97% as compared with BC. Ammonia loss rate(48.4%)measured by continuous airflow enclosure method was slightly higher than that by wind tunnel method(41.9%), but no significant difference between them was found.
Keyword氨挥发 施氮方式 测定方法 紫色土 夏玉米 氨减排
Subject AreaS513
DOIdoi:10.11654/jaes.2016.06.024
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5727091
Funding Organization国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2012CB417101)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17498
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国农业大学资源与环境学院
2.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张翀,李雪倩,苏芳,等. 施氮方式及测定方法对紫色土夏玉米氨挥发的影响[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2016,35(6):1194-1201.
APA 张翀,李雪倩,苏芳,朱波,&巨晓棠.(2016).施氮方式及测定方法对紫色土夏玉米氨挥发的影响.农业环境科学学报,35(6),1194-1201.
MLA 张翀,et al."施氮方式及测定方法对紫色土夏玉米氨挥发的影响".农业环境科学学报 35.6(2016):1194-1201.
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