IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2016  > Vol13 No.9
Changing human-environment interactions in medium mountains: the Apuseni Mts (Romania) as a case study
TELBISZ Tamás; IMECS Zoltán; MARI László; BOTTLIK Zsolt
Corresponding AuthorTELBISZ Tamás
2016-09
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
ISSN1672-6316
Volume13Issue:9Pages:1675-1687
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractThe study of human-environment relationships in mountain areas is important for both theoretical and practical reasons, as many mountain areas suffer similar problems, such as depopulation, unemployment and natural hazards. Medium mountains constitute a special case within mountains, because they are more populated but less attractive as tourist destinations than high mountains. In this context, the Apuseni Mts (Romania) are considered as a case study. In this paper, we apply GIS-based, quantitative methods to characterize the strength and dynamics of human-environment interactions, taking into consideration some environmental factors (elevation, relative height, slope, river distance, lithology, land cover, natural attractions) as well as historical population and recent tourism data. We found that population density has strong (r2>0.8) relationships with all relief factors (elevation, relative height, slope, river distance), and that best-fit functions are nonlinear. We outlined the varying demographic scenarios by elevation zones and interpreted the historically switching sign of population change versus elevation relationship. We demonstrated that lithology also has an impact on the spatial distribution of population, although it is not independent from the relief effect. The land cover of the mainly cultural landscape is very strongly correlated with relief parameters (especially slope), which suggests good adaptation. We pointed out the dominance of karst objects in the natural tourism potential of the Apuseni Mts and also explored further components of real tourism (spas, heritage, towns). Finally, we concluded that the environmental settings investigated do in fact constrain the spatial framework of society, but socio-economic changes in history can be explained from the side of society, which conforms to the theory of cultural possibilism.
KeywordHuman-environment Relations Apuseni Mountains Geographical Information System (Gis) Possibilism Tourism Karst
DOI10.1007/s11629-015-3653-0
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17533
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2016_Vol13 No.9
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
TELBISZ Tamás,IMECS Zoltán,MARI László,et al. Changing human-environment interactions in medium mountains: the Apuseni Mts (Romania) as a case study[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2016,13(9):1675-1687.
APA TELBISZ Tamás,IMECS Zoltán,MARI László,&BOTTLIK Zsolt.(2016).Changing human-environment interactions in medium mountains: the Apuseni Mts (Romania) as a case study.Journal of Mountain Science,13(9),1675-1687.
MLA TELBISZ Tamás,et al."Changing human-environment interactions in medium mountains: the Apuseni Mts (Romania) as a case study".Journal of Mountain Science 13.9(2016):1675-1687.
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