IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2016  > Vol13 NO.10
Natural consolidation characteristics of viscous debris flow deposition
He Song-Tang1,2,3,4; Wang Dao-Jie1,2,3; Chen Shun1,2,3; Zhang Shu-Juan1,2,3,4; Chang Shi-Qiu1,2,3,4
Corresponding AuthorWANG Dao-Jie
Abstract: Pore water pressure and water content are important indicators to both deposition and consolidation of debris flows, enabling a direct assessment of consolidation degree. This article gained a more comprehensive understanding about the entire consolidation process and focused on exploring pore water pressure and volumetric water content variations of the deposit body during natural consolidation under different conditions taking the viscous debris flow mass as a study subject and by flume experiments. The results indicate that, as the color of the debris changed from initial dark green to grayish-white color, the initial deposit thickness declined by 3% and 2.8% over a permeable and impermeable sand bed, respectively. A positive correlation was observed between pore water pressure and depth in the deposit for both scenarios, with deeper depths being related to greater pore water pressure. For the permeable environment, the average dissipation rate of pore water pressure measured at depths of 0.10 m and 0.05 m were 0.0172 Pa/d and 0.0144 Pa/d, respectively, showing a positive changing trend with increasing depth. Under impermeable conditions, the average dissipation rates at different depths were similar, while the volumetric water content in the deposit had a positive correlation with depth. The reduction of water content in the deposit accelerated with depth under impermeable sand bed boundary conditions, but was not considerably correlated with depth under permeable sand bed boundary conditions. However, the amount of discharged water from the deposit was greater and consolidation occurred faster in permeable conditions. This indicates that the permeability of the boundary sand bed has a significant impact on the progress of consolidation. This research demonstrates that pore water and pressure dissipations are present during the entire viscous debris consolidation process. Contrasting with dilute flows, pore pressure dissipation in viscous flows cannot be completed in a matter of minutes or even hours, requiring longer completion time - 3 to 5 days and even more. Additionally, the dissipation of the pore water pressure lagged the reduction of the water content. During the experiment, the dissipation rate fluctuated substantially, indicating a close relationship between the dissipation process and the physical properties of broadly graded soils.
KeywordViscous Debris Flow Natural Consolidation Dissipation Of Pore Water Pressure Volumetric Water Content Flume Experiment
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000386502400003
Funding OrganizationTopic of National Sci-tech Support Plan(2014BAL05B01) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences STS-Network Projects(KFJ-EW-STS-094) ; Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Processes under Major Research Projects of Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y3K2040040)
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2016_Vol13 NO.10
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mt Hazards & Earth Surface Proc, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
3.Minist Water Conservancy & Power, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He Song-Tang,Wang Dao-Jie,Chen Shun,et al. Natural consolidation characteristics of viscous debris flow deposition[J]. JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,2016,13(10):1723-1734.
APA He Song-Tang,Wang Dao-Jie,Chen Shun,Zhang Shu-Juan,&Chang Shi-Qiu.(2016).Natural consolidation characteristics of viscous debris flow deposition.JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE,13(10),1723-1734.
MLA He Song-Tang,et al."Natural consolidation characteristics of viscous debris flow deposition".JOURNAL OF MOUNTAIN SCIENCE 13.10(2016):1723-1734.
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