IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2016  > Vol13 NO.10
Mid and late Holocene forest fires and deforestation in the subalpine belt of the Iberian range, northern Spain
José M. GARCÍA-RUIZ; Yasmina SANJUÁN; Graciela GIL-ROMERA; Penélope GONZÁLEZ-SAMPÉRIZ; Santiago BEGUERÍA; José ARNÁEZ; Paz COBA-PÉREZ; Amelia GÓMEZ-VILLAR; Javier ÁLVAREZ-MARTÍNEZ; Noemí LANA-RENAULT; Estela PÉREZ-CARDIEL; Carlos LÓPEZ DE CALLE
Corresponding AuthorJosé M. GARCÍA-RUIZ
2016-10
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
ISSN1672-6316
Volume13Issue:10Pages:1760-1772
Subtype期刊论文
AbstractThe conversion of subalpine forests into grasslands for pastoral use is a well-known phenomenon, although for most mountain areas the timing of deforestation has not been determined. The presence of charcoal fragments in soil profiles affected by shallow landsliding enabled us to date the occurrence of fires and the periods of conversion of subalpine forest into grasslands in the Urbión Mountains, Iberian Range, Spain. We found that the treeline in the highest parts of the northwestern massifs of the Iberian Range (the Urbión, Demanda, Neila, and Cebollera massifs) is currently between 1500 and 1600 m a.s.l., probably because of pastoral use of the subalpine belt, whereas in the past it would have reached almost the highest divides (at approximately 2100–2200 m a.s.l.). The radiocarbon dates obtained indicate that the transformation of the subalpine belt occurred during the Late Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Middle Ages. Forest clearing was probably moderate during fires prior to the Middle Ages, as the small size of the sheep herds and the local character of the markets only required small clearings, and therefore more limited fires. Thus, it is likely that the forest recovered burnt areas in a few decades; this suggests the management of the forest and grasslands following a slash-and-burn system. During the Middle and Modern Ages deforestation and grassland expansion affected most of the subalpine belt and coincided with the increasing prevalence of transhumance, as occurred in other mountains in the Iberian Peninsula (particularly the Pyrenees). Although the occurrence of shallow landslides following deforestation between the Neolithic and the Roman Period cannot be ruled out, the most extensive shallow landsliding processes would have occurred from the Middle Ages until recent times.
KeywordForest Fires Holocene Subalpine Grasslands Shallow Landslides Landscape Changes Iberian Range
DOI10.1007/s11629-015-3763-8
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17585
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2016_Vol13 NO.10
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
José M. GARCÍA-RUIZ,Yasmina SANJUÁN,Graciela GIL-ROMERA,et al. Mid and late Holocene forest fires and deforestation in the subalpine belt of the Iberian range, northern Spain[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2016,13(10):1760-1772.
APA José M. GARCÍA-RUIZ.,Yasmina SANJUÁN.,Graciela GIL-ROMERA.,Penélope GONZÁLEZ-SAMPÉRIZ.,Santiago BEGUERÍA.,...&Carlos LÓPEZ DE CALLE.(2016).Mid and late Holocene forest fires and deforestation in the subalpine belt of the Iberian range, northern Spain.Journal of Mountain Science,13(10),1760-1772.
MLA José M. GARCÍA-RUIZ,et al."Mid and late Holocene forest fires and deforestation in the subalpine belt of the Iberian range, northern Spain".Journal of Mountain Science 13.10(2016):1760-1772.
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