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西南典型山区农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究
Alternative TitleAn Analysis of the Relationship Between Livelihood Capital and Livelihood Strategies of the Typical Mountainous Settlements in Southwestern China
徐定德1,2; 张继飞1; 刘邵权1; 谢芳婷1,2; 曹梦甜1,2; 王小兰3; 刘恩来1,2
Corresponding Author刘邵权
2015
Source Publication西南大学学报
ISSN1000-2642
Volume37Issue:9Pages:118~126
Other Abstract 农户可持续生计问题是解决山区聚落贫困与生态环境脆弱的关键问题之一.本文借用英国国际发展署(DFID)可持续生计分析框架,利用西南典型山区三峡库区实地调研数据,对农户的生计资本状况和由此决定的资产配置方式——生计策略及二者之间的关系进行了初步探讨.研究发现:农户5种生计资本极不平衡,物质资本、人力资本、金融资本、自然资本和社会资本得分分别为0.490,0.379,0.245,0.073和0.069;无序多分类Logistic回归结果表明:在其他条件不变的情况下,提高农户的人力资本、自然资本和物质资本有利于农户类型由纯农型向农为主型转化;提高农户的人力资本,有利于农户类型由纯农型向非农为主型转化;提高农户的人力资本和金融资本,降低农户的自然资本,有利于农户类型由纯农型向非农型转化.基于实证研究提出若干政策建议:一是有针对性的开展农业、非农技术培训,提高农户职业技能;二是制定贷款政策时适当向农户倾斜;三是鼓励乡村能人整合村落基于血缘、地缘和业缘的关系网络资源,增强集体抵抗外部风险的能力. 
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Sustainable livelihood of farmers is one of the key problems of solving poverty and fragile ecological environment of mountain settlements.The sustainable livelihood analysis framework of UK Department for International development(DFID)is used in this paper to analyze the field survey data of the Three Gorges Reservoir area,so as to study the relationship between framers'livelihood capital and their livelihood strategies.The results show that the five kinds of livelihood capital are highly imbalanced,the corresponding values of physical capital,human capital,financial capital,social capital and natural capital being 0.490,0.379,0.245,0.073 and 0.069,respectively.Regression analysis with the multinomial logistic model shows that with other conditions unchanged,the improvement of farmers'human capital,nature capital and physical capital is beneficial to their conversion from pure farming households to farmingdominated households;the improvement of farmers'human capital is beneficial to their conversion from pure farming households to non-farming-dominated households;and the improvement of farmers'human capital and financial capital and the reduction of their nature capital are beneficial to their conversion from the pure farming households to non-farming-dominated households.On the basis of the above analysis,three policy recommendations are offered,i.e.(1)Organize agricultural and non-agricultural technology training to improve farmers'vocational skills;(2)In loan policy-making,give preference to farmer households;(3)Encourage prestigious figures who have the ability to integrate migrant laborers to form work groups(wage clusters)based on kinship and geopolitical relationships,which would enhance these households'ability to withstand external market risks.

Keyword可持续生计 生计资本 生计策略 无序多分类logistic回归模型
Subject Area人文地理学
DOI10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2015.09.018
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5544949
Funding Organization中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-317) ; 国家自然科学基金面上项目(41071350) ; 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(41101552 ; 41401198)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:17[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17681
Collection山区发展研究中心
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.中国科学院大学
3.西南科技大学土木工程与建筑学院
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
徐定德,张继飞,刘邵权,等. 西南典型山区农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究[J]. 西南大学学报,2015,37(9):118~126.
APA 徐定德.,张继飞.,刘邵权.,谢芳婷.,曹梦甜.,...&刘恩来.(2015).西南典型山区农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究.西南大学学报,37(9),118~126.
MLA 徐定德,et al."西南典型山区农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究".西南大学学报 37.9(2015):118~126.
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