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Alternative TitleRelationship between Livelihood Capital and Livelihood Strategies of Rural Households in Melamchi Basin of Central Mountainous Area in Nepal
苏艺1,2; 邓伟1,2; 张继飞1; Hriday Lal Koirala3; Paudel Khatiwada Shanta1,2
Corresponding Author邓伟
Source Publication山地学报
Other Abstract



The study on relationship between livelihood capital and livelihood strategy is the most important way to understand and develop sustainable livelihoods in rural areas. However,very little is known about the influence of livelihood capitals on the livelihood strategies in Nepal.Therefore,by taking a mountainous settlement in Melamchi Basin of central Nepal as case study,this paper analyzes the sensitivity of livelihood strategies to livelihood capital factors in the rural household by the PRA method.The results indicate a very low livelihood capital index for all the sampled households with the highest physical capital index followed by human capital,social capital,financial capital,and the natural capital. And all kinds of livelihood capital are highly imbalance with very weak conversion ability.The results also show that the non-farming-dependent household’s livelihood capital index is the highest, and its livelihood strategy is also best. The non-agricultural and agricultural-dependent households’livelihood capital
indexes are the second and third highest while pure-agricultural households’livelihood capital index is the lowest whose livelihood depends only on the single source with high livelihood risk. Further the study finds the different level of livelihood capital endowments and their combination affect the choice of households’livelihood strategies. Improving the allocation of livelihood capital can promote the adjustment and optimization of livelihood of rural households. Different livelihood strategies have different sensitivity to the capital factors,more specifically,increasing the investment of human capital and financial capital is of great significance for households to actively participate in and develop non-agricultural activities,adjust and optimize the livelihood strategies,and reduce livelihood risk.

Keyword麦拉姆齐流域 农户生计资本 生计策略
Subject AreaF323.6
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Funding Organization科技部对发展中国家科技援助项目 ; 国际山地中心喜马拉雅大学联盟2015年度种子基金项目
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
苏艺,邓伟,张继飞,等. 尼泊尔中部山区麦拉姆齐流域农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究[J]. 山地学报,2016,34(5):645-654.
APA 苏艺,邓伟,张继飞,Hriday Lal Koirala,&Paudel Khatiwada Shanta.(2016).尼泊尔中部山区麦拉姆齐流域农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究.山地学报,34(5),645-654.
MLA 苏艺,et al."尼泊尔中部山区麦拉姆齐流域农户生计资本与生计策略关系研究".山地学报 34.5(2016):645-654.
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