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国际可持续性评价方法研究进展与趋势
Alternative TitleAn Overview and Trend of Sustainability Assessment Methodologies
黄茄莉
Corresponding Author黄茄莉
2015
Source Publication生态经济
ISSN1671-4407
Volume31Issue:1Pages:18-22
Other Abstract 可持续发展水平的衡量是可持续发展研究的重要内容,它可以为政府的可持续发展决策提供重要的科学依据。依据1974年以来国外可持续发展相关文献,总结了不同学者对可持续发展的理解。根据进行可持续性评价时是否考虑了系统内部组分之间及内部组分与外部环境之间的关系,将评价方法分为三类:指标列举法、流量分析法和系统分析法。分析得出现有评价方法存在六点薄弱之处:对可持续性评价框架背后的机理研究较少;指标的选取具有一定的随意性;指标的标准化、赋权及集成方法的选取尚无统一标准;流量分析方法未包含与可持续性有关的全部强度参数;鲜有评价方法考虑了可持续发展的规模;极少方法提出了可持续发展的阈值范围。最后,指出了未来需要重点加强三个方面的研究:可持续发展的定义、可持续发展的阈值范围及系统分析方法。 
; Assessing the degree of sustainable development is an important subject in the field of sustainable development. Indicators of sustainable development might give policy-makers some feelings of whether a region was moving toward or backward towards a sustainable direction, which would be helpful for decision-making. First, according to papers published from 1974 which are relative to sustainable development, different definitions of sustainable development from different researchers are concluded. Next, methodologies to evaluate sustainability are classified into three kinds: indicator enumeration, flow analysis and system analysis. The standard to classify methodologies is whether the relationships between components in the system or relationships between components in the system and the outside environment are considered. Then, six shortcomings of existing methodologies are analyzed: framework of sustainability evaluation usually does not base on mechanisms of a system; indicator choosing of indicators are always random; the way to choose methods to standardization, weighting and aggregation has not identified; analysis of flows does not include all intensity parameters relative to sustainability; the scope proper for sustainable development is rarely considered and thresholds of sustainable development is rarely promoted. Finally, three important problems for future study are discussed: definition of sustainable development; thresholds of sustainable development and the study of system analysis methods to assess sustainability.
Keyword可持续发展 可持续性 评价 方法 指标
Subject AreaF062.2 ; X22
Indexed ByCSSCI ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目“基于效率和恢复力平衡的川西山区可持续性评价研究”(41201603) ; 中科院成都山地所“一三五”方向性项目专题“流域人地系统持续性评价与空间优化研究”(SDS-135-1204-03)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17779
Collection山区发展研究中心
山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
黄茄莉. 国际可持续性评价方法研究进展与趋势[J]. 生态经济,2015,31(1):18-22.
APA 黄茄莉.(2015).国际可持续性评价方法研究进展与趋势.生态经济,31(1),18-22.
MLA 黄茄莉."国际可持续性评价方法研究进展与趋势".生态经济 31.1(2015):18-22.
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