IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2016  > Vol13 No.12
The influence of upstream slope on the local scour at drop structure
CHENJen-yan; HSUHsi-hsin; HONGYao-ming
Corresponding AuthorHONGYao-ming
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
AbstractThe drop structure will fail as a result of local scoring downstream. This paper discusses the influence of a drop structures' upstream slope to local scour. Empirical equations of the scour hole were developed by laboratory experiment, theoretical assumptions, and regression analysis. These equations include the maximum scour depth and length during the scouring period, the maximum equilibrium scour depth and length, and the unit width scour rate. The four channel slopes (0%, 2%, 4%, and 6%) before the drop structure has been included in the analysis. A series of laboratory experiments were conducted to obtain 48 groups of experiments and 419 scour hole profiles during the scouring period. The material used in the scour section is uniform non-cohesive and with a median diameter of d50 = 0.5 mm. The results have been used to develop empirical equations via regression analysis to determine the coefficients of theoretical equations. The high correlation coefficient indicates that the equations developed in this study are suitable for verifying the characteristics of a scour hole at drop structure in the sloped channel. The semi-empirical equation is more accurate than the empirical equation. Compared to a horizontal channel, a sloped channel tends to cause a greater equilibrium maximum scour length, shorter equilibrium maximum scour depth, and faster unit-wide scour rate.
KeywordDrop Structure Jet Flow Scour Hole Local Scour Steep Channel
Indexed BySCI
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Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2016_Vol13 No.12
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GB/T 7714
CHENJen-yan,HSUHsi-hsin,HONGYao-ming. The influence of upstream slope on the local scour at drop structure[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2016,13(12):2237-2248.
APA CHENJen-yan,HSUHsi-hsin,&HONGYao-ming.(2016).The influence of upstream slope on the local scour at drop structure.Journal of Mountain Science,13(12),2237-2248.
MLA CHENJen-yan,et al."The influence of upstream slope on the local scour at drop structure".Journal of Mountain Science 13.12(2016):2237-2248.
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