IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
城市典型屋面径流的排污特征
Alternative TitlePollution wash-off characterization in urban typical roof stormwater
武俊良1,2,3; 任玉芬2; 王雪梅1,3; 王效科2; 陈利顶2; 刘刚才1
Corresponding Author任玉芬
2016-04
Source Publication环境工程学报
ISSN1673-9108
Volume10Issue:8Pages:4351-4356
Abstract

对城市中典型的2种材料(油毡和水泥)屋面降雨径流中颗粒物(SS) 、氮(N)和磷(P)污染物排放特征进行了研究。结果表明,屋面径流中颗粒物主要是以10 ~ 100 μm粒径范围的颗粒物为主(约占75%), 氮主要是以溶解态形式排放(80% ~ 95%), 且主要形式是以硝态氮和氨态氮为主,水泥屋面增加了径流中硝态氮的比例,而沥青屋面增加了氨态氮和溶解态有机氮的比例。而磷主要是以颗粒物形态排放(约占40% ~ 70%,平均57.5%), 且主要结合10 ~ 50 μm粒径范围的颗粒物。去除10 ~ 50 μm粒径颗粒物可以降低屋面径流中50%颗粒物和47.9%磷的排放,而氮却需采用不同处理方法。同时,EC和TSS与TN和TP相关关系表明,EC和TSS可分别作为屋面降雨径流溶解态氮和颗粒态磷污染程度检测和评价指示指标。研究结果为有效地去除降雨径流中污染物、降低城市面源污染对水环境的影响,提供了一定的科学依据。

Other Abstract

This study investigated the emissions characteristics of pollutant materials (suspended solids (SS), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P)) in runoff from two,typical roof surface types in urban areas: cement and asphalt. The results indicated that more than 75% of the SS particles were in the size range of 10 to 100 μm. 80% to 95% of the N was dissolved (< 0.45 μm), and the main forms of N in the roof runoff were nitrate and ammoniacal-N. However,the cement roof increased the proportion of nitrate-N,and the asphalt roof increased the percentage of ammoniacal-N and dissolved organic N. 70% to 90% of the P was in particulate form in the roof runoff,and P was attached mainly to particle sizes between 10 and 50 μm. The removal of the 10 to 50 μm particles reduced the SS and P emissions from roof runoff by 50% and 47.9%,respectively. Different strategies should be applied to control N pollution to minimize the environmental impact of urban roof runoff. EC and TSS could be used as surrogates for the dissolved N and particulate P forms,respectively,in the monitoring and evaluation of the pollution in urban roof runoff. It is important to have a clear understanding of the pollutants'wash- off behavior to remove effectively urban nonpoint source pollution and prevent stormwater pollution in urban environments.

Keyword城市降雨径流 氮和磷 悬浮颗粒物 排放特征
Subject AreaX52
DOI10.12030/j.cjee.201503174
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5767068
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(41230633 ; 41030744)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17889
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室
3.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
武俊良,任玉芬,王雪梅,等. 城市典型屋面径流的排污特征[J]. 环境工程学报,2016,10(8):4351-4356.
APA 武俊良,任玉芬,王雪梅,王效科,陈利顶,&刘刚才.(2016).城市典型屋面径流的排污特征.环境工程学报,10(8),4351-4356.
MLA 武俊良,et al."城市典型屋面径流的排污特征".环境工程学报 10.8(2016):4351-4356.
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