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我国南方山区坡耕地水土保持措施研究进展
蔡雄飞1,2,3; 王玉宽1,3; 徐佩1,3; 任静1
Corresponding Author王玉宽
2012-11-15
Source Publication贵州农业科学
ISSN1001-3601
Volume40Issue:9Pages:97-100
Abstract

坡耕地是我国南方山区重要的土地资源,也是水土流失重点区。从水土保持工程措施(包括坡面工程和沟道工程措施)、耕作措施、植被措施等方面,系统地分析了各类措施的优劣及在我国南方山区坡耕地的应用情况。我国南方山区坡耕地土壤侵蚀以面蚀为主,应根据我国南方地区物候条件及作物生长进度,科学选择作物品种、种植时间、种植结构(高、矮作物搭配)、空间布局、耕作方式(留茬耕作、少耕或免耕),形成一套可供选择和推广的水土保持种植制度和配套耕作措施技术体系,是该区域坡耕地水土保持措施的发展方向。

Other Abstract

Slope farmland is an important land resources, also a major soil loss area in southern mountainous area of China. The advantages and shortcomings of water and soil conservation measures which include engineering measures(slope engineering measures and channel engineering measures), cultivation measures and vegetation measures were analyzed systematically. Surface erosion is the main erosion pattern of slope farmland, so the selection of crop strains, planting time, planting structure(high, low crop collocation), spatial distribution, farming method should be scientifically based on crop growth progress and the phenological conditions in southern of China. Formed an optional and propagable water and soil congservationg cropping system and technology system is the development direction of slope soil and water conservation measures in this area.

Keyword南方山区 水土保持措施 种植制度
Subject AreaS157
Indexed By北大中文核心
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金“坡地边沟水土保持作用机理研究”(40871134) ; 贵州省优秀青年科技人才培养对象专项资金“喀斯特土壤侵蚀机理及预报预测系统的研究”[黔科合人字(2011)14] ; 贵州师范大学“博士科研启动基金”
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/17929
Collection山区发展研究中心
Affiliation1.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院
3.万州典型区生态环境监测重点站
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
蔡雄飞,王玉宽,徐佩,等. 我国南方山区坡耕地水土保持措施研究进展[J]. 贵州农业科学,2012,40(9):97-100.
APA 蔡雄飞,王玉宽,徐佩,&任静.(2012).我国南方山区坡耕地水土保持措施研究进展.贵州农业科学,40(9),97-100.
MLA 蔡雄飞,et al."我国南方山区坡耕地水土保持措施研究进展".贵州农业科学 40.9(2012):97-100.
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