IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
紫色土水分特征曲线室内测定方法的对比
Alternative TitleComparison of laboratory methods for determining water retention curves in purple soil
王红兰1,2; 唐翔宇1; 鲜青松1; 刘琛1; 关卓1
Corresponding Author唐翔宇
2016
Source Publication水科学进展
ISSNl001-6791
Volume27Issue:2Pages:240-248
Abstract

为探寻全吸力范围内土壤水分特征曲线的可靠测定方法,采用沙箱排水法、Hyprop仪蒸发法、压力膜仪排水法和露点水势仪蒸发法分吸力段测定盐亭紫色土耕地表层2 ~ 7 cm和亚表层7 ~ 12 cm土壤的水分特征曲线,对比测定结果的方法间差异,并分析其原因。结果表明: 对于表层和亚表层土壤,低吸力段(h > -100 cm)水分特征曲线的沙箱法和Hyprop仪法的均方根误差E_(RMS)(θ)均较小,在0.026 ~ 0.082 cm~3 /cm~3范围内,确定系数R~2均大于0.962,说明这两种方法测定结果之间差异不大。高吸力段(h < -330 cm)的压力膜仪法与露点仪法测定结果之间的差异较大,E_(RMS)(θ)为0.062 ~ 0.097 cm~3 /cm~3,R~2较低,为0.775 ~ 0.952。因此,全吸力范围内水分特征曲线测定方法的选择与组合应考虑土壤孔径分布特征和研究目的。

Other Abstract

Four laboratory methods,namely,the sand box,the HYPROP system,pressure plates and the dewpoint potential meter,were used to determine soil water retention curves (SWRC) for samples of farmland purple soil. SWRC were determined over the whole entire moisture range for samples obtained from two horizons (i. e.,2—7 cm, 7—12cm). Measured data was compared to identify the most reliable method. The root-mean-square errors of the soil water content (E_(RMS)(θ)),established under low suctions (h > -100 cm),the sand box and HYPROP system were small (0.026—0.082 cm~3 /cm~3) with the coefficient of determination (R~2) between measured water retention curves by the two methods being greater than 0.962. Contrastingly,the E_(RMS)(θ) of soil water content,established under high suctions (h < -330 cm),using pressure plates and the dewpoint potential meter were larger (0.062—0.097 cm~3 /cm~3),with lower R2 values (0.775—0.952). In conclusion,the selection and combined use of appropriate methods for SWRC determination,over the entire soil moisture range,should be decided upon according to the soil's pore size distribution and the application objective.

Keyword土壤水分特征曲线 沙箱法 Hyprop仪法 压力膜仪法 露点水势仪法 滞后现象
DOI10.14042/j.cnki.32.1309.2016.02.009
Indexed ByEI ; CSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5699355
Accession numberAccession number:20162102408350
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18075
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
2.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王红兰,唐翔宇,鲜青松,等. 紫色土水分特征曲线室内测定方法的对比[J]. 水科学进展,2016,27(2):240-248.
APA 王红兰,唐翔宇,鲜青松,刘琛,&关卓.(2016).紫色土水分特征曲线室内测定方法的对比.水科学进展,27(2),240-248.
MLA 王红兰,et al."紫色土水分特征曲线室内测定方法的对比".水科学进展 27.2(2016):240-248.
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