IMHE OpenIR  > 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
长江源区基于坡面尺度的土壤水热过程模拟研究
Alternative TitleCOUPLED SOIL WATER AND HEAT TRANSFER MODELING AT LOCAL SCALE IN THE YANGTZE RIVER HEADWATER REGION
刘光生1; 王根绪2; 赵超1
Corresponding Author刘光生
2015
Source Publication长江流域资源与环境
ISSN1004-8227
Volume24Issue:2Pages:319-326
Abstract

长江源多年冻土区土壤水热传输过程机理与模拟,是广泛关系到高原生态环境保护恢复和区域水文过程的关键科学问题。因此,以GEOtop模型为研究平台,以长江源不同植被盖度下(裸地、30%、65%和92%)高寒草甸的观测数据为基础,检验模型对土壤水热迁移过程的描述与模拟精度。总体而言,GEOtop模型需要率定的参数较少,从而减少模型模拟的不确定性,提高了模拟精度。对不同植被盖度下土壤温度、水分和实际蒸散发模拟的NSE系数基本达到0.8,表明模型能准确模拟高寒生态系统土壤的水热传输过程,可以作为长江源区土壤水热过程的有效模拟工具。
 

Other Abstract

The water and energy balance transmission mechanism and process simulation of Yangtze River Headwater region (YRHR), are widely related to land surface process, ecological environment protection, frozen soil engineering, and regional hydrological processes. Due to the great sensitivity to climate change in source area, YRHR is regarded as a hot climate change research area. GEOtop model is a distributed hydrological model with coupled water and energy budget. The model domain consists of a soil profile of specified depth to the ground surface, the heat and subsurface water flow equations are then solved with finite differences schemes. The heat equation is solved as a one-dimensional form, while the equation describing the water flow in the soil is solved with a fully three-dimensional way. GEOtop model allows a complete coupled description of vertical and lateral flow. The determination of heat flux exchanged from the atmosphere to the ground surface is very important, which constitutes the upper boundary condition of the heat equation. Therefore, GEOtop model is used to model the water and heat transfer processes under bare land, 30°, 65° and 92°vegetation coverage. The model was calibrated using data in situ observations at local scale for. soil temperature profiles, soil moisture profiles, and evapotranspiration under different vegetation coverage. The results show that, the simulation of soil temperature under different vegetation coverage at different depth was ideal, especially for ground surface soil temperature of bare land. The Nash-Sutcliffe (NSE) coefficients of soil temperature were all larger than 0.9. Compared with soil completely melted periods, the modeling deviation of soil temperature in soil completely frozen periods was larger. Long-term field monitoring found that snow cover in the study area was thinner and melt in fast time, therefore snow module was not contained in our modeling. However, the snow melt and cover for a short time will cause soil temperature fluctuation. In addition, the NSE coefficients of soil moisture were around 0.8, indicating that model can preferably simulate water transfer processes in the active layer soil. The simulation deviation of soil moisture at soil completely melted periods was big. This is because of model not including plant growth module and assuming that the vegetation parameters fixed. Moreover, the modelling of actual evapotranspiration under different vegetation coverage also got desired result. The actual evapotranspiration was overestimated from March to June and from August to September. They were due to freeze-thaw cyle of daily temperature flucuation and vegetation growing, respectively. All of them will change the albedo and roughness of groundsurface, thus affecting the water and heat transfer processes. In a word, the model is able to predict soil freezing/thawing process, soil temperature, unfrozen soil moisture and actual evapotranspiraion under different vegetation coverage well. Because of fewer parameters needing to rate, thus it reduced the uncertainty of model simulation and improved the simulation accuracy. The GEOtop model shows promising performance in simulating hydrological processes in cold regions. This model can be applied to improve our understanding of the water and heat transfer processes in cold regions.
 

Keyword长江源 多年冻土 水热过程 Geotop模型
Subject AreaS152
DOI10.11870/cjlyzyyhj20150219
Indexed ByCSCD ; CSSCI ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5350404
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目(40925002) ; 厦门理工学院高层次人才引进项目(YKJ12018R) ; 厦门市科技局项目(3502220130039)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18353
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.厦门理工学院环境科学与工程学院
2.]山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室,中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘光生,王根绪,赵超. 长江源区基于坡面尺度的土壤水热过程模拟研究[J]. 长江流域资源与环境,2015,24(2):319-326.
APA 刘光生,王根绪,&赵超.(2015).长江源区基于坡面尺度的土壤水热过程模拟研究.长江流域资源与环境,24(2),319-326.
MLA 刘光生,et al."长江源区基于坡面尺度的土壤水热过程模拟研究".长江流域资源与环境 24.2(2015):319-326.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
长江源区基于坡面尺度的土壤水热过程模拟研(1563KB)期刊论文作者接受稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[刘光生]'s Articles
[王根绪]'s Articles
[赵超]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[刘光生]'s Articles
[王根绪]'s Articles
[赵超]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[刘光生]'s Articles
[王根绪]'s Articles
[赵超]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: 长江源区基于坡面尺度的土壤水热过程模拟研究_刘光生.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.