IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
植被退化对高寒土壤水文特征的影响
Alternative TitleThe Impact of Vegetation Degeneration on Hydrology Features of Alpine Soil
王一博1,3; 王根绪2; 吴青柏3; 牛富俊3; 程慧燕4
Corresponding Author王一博
2010
Source Publication冰川冻土
ISSN1000-0240
Volume32Issue:5Pages:989-998
Abstract

在黄河源冻土严重退化地区,采用选择典型区域和样地进行实验和模型模拟的方法,对不同植被退化特征条件下高寒土壤的水分特征曲线,土壤饱和导水率,土壤入渗及土壤水分进行研究.结果表明: Gradner和Visser提出的经验方程theta=AS-B对该地区土壤水分特征曲线有良好的模拟性;不同植被盖度条件下土壤的饱和导水率和土壤入渗有明显的区别,表层0~10cm范围内,黑土滩的饱和导水率和入渗强度最强,30cm以下土层中土壤饱和导水率,入渗强度以及土壤含水量几乎不受植被的影响.随植被退化表层土壤含水量出现明显降低,退化越严重,水分流失越多,最多时能达到38.6%,植被根系最发达的10~20cm范围的土壤含水量流失对高寒草甸土壤环境影响最大,水分流失导致退化草甸恢复难度较大.通过比较研究,在黄河源地区考斯加科夫(Kostiakov)入渗公式f(t)=at-b更适用于该研究区域高寒草甸土壤水分入渗过程的研究

Other Abstract

Alpine soil infiltration process is an important part of hydrological features of the alpine soil in permafrost regions. The research is carried out in the source regions of the Yellow River, where permafrost is degrading severely, with the methods of choosing typical areas and quadrats to do experiment and simulation and then to study the soil water characteristic curves, soil saturated hydraulic conductivities, soil infiltrations and soil moistures under different characteristics of degraded vegetation. The results show that the empirical equation theta=AS-Bproposed by Gradner and Visser has a good simulation of the soil moisture characteristic curves;soil saturated hydraulic conductivity and soil infiltration have significant difference under different vegetation coverage:in the soil surface within 0~10cm in depth, the saturated hydraulic conductivity and infiltration intensity of the black beach are the maximum;in the soil layers 30cm below the surface, vegetation has almost no impact on the saturated hydraulic conductivity, infiltration intensity and soil moisture content. Remarkable reduction of soil moisture occurs in the soil surface with the degradation of vegetation. The more serious the degradation is, the more the water loss. The water loss can be up to 38.6% in the worst situation. The soil moisture in the depth between 10cm and 20cm, where vegetation root systems develop well, has the greatest impact on the soil environment. Thus the loss of moisture in the depth between 10cm and 20cm will induce restoring the degraded meadow hardly. Through a comparative study,it is found that Kostiakov infiltration equation f(t)=at-b is more applicable to study the process of soil moisture infiltration of the alpine meadow in the source regions of the Yellow River

Keyword植被退化 高寒土壤 水文特征
Subject AreaS152.7
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4063665
Funding Organization冻土工程国家重点实验室开放基金项目(SKLFSE200804) ; 国家重点基础研究计划(973计划)项目(2007CB411504) ; 国家自然科学基金项目(40801024) ; 国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金项目(40625004) ; 中国科学院知识创新重点项目(KZCX2-YW-Q03-04) ; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项 ; 博士后基金
Citation statistics
Cited Times:26[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18394
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.兰州大学资源环境学院
2.中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冻土工程国家重点实验室
3.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所
4.兰州理工大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王一博,王根绪,吴青柏,等. 植被退化对高寒土壤水文特征的影响[J]. 冰川冻土,2010,32(5):989-998.
APA 王一博,王根绪,吴青柏,牛富俊,&程慧燕.(2010).植被退化对高寒土壤水文特征的影响.冰川冻土,32(5),989-998.
MLA 王一博,et al."植被退化对高寒土壤水文特征的影响".冰川冻土 32.5(2010):989-998.
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