IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Contemporary Temperature Fluctuation in Urban Areas of Pakistan
Raheel Anjum1,2,3; Xiubin He1; Javed Iqbal Tanoli1,2,4; Syed Turab Raza1,2
Corresponding AuthorXiubin He
2017
Source PublicationATMOSPHERE
ISSN2073-4433
Volume8Issue:1Pages:doi:10.3390/atmos8010012
SubtypeArticle
Abstract

Annual temperature data from thirty meteorological stations in Pakistan’s major urban
areas were selected to investigate trends in annual average and maximum temperature during 1970–2009. A combination of parametric and non-parametric tests including linear regression, the Mann-Kendall trend test and Sen’s slope estimator was used for the analysis. Annual average and maximum temperature series showed an overall increasing trend for 90% of the stations and a decreasing trend for 10% of the stations in the study area. The highest significant increment of annual average temperature was observed at Gilgit, Hyderabad, Quetta and Lasbela stations at the rate of 0.49 C per decade. The highest increment of annual maximum temperature was obtained
at Chitral, Gilgit, Nawabshah and Quetta at the rate of 0.31 C per decade. According to simple linear regression and the Mann-Kendall test, the annual average temperature showed a significant increasing trend for 43% of the stations (at a 0.001 level of significance) and 23% of the stations (at the 0.05 level). Annual maximum temperature showed a significant increasing trend for 26% of the stations (at the 0.001 level of significance) and 23% of the stations (at the 0.05 level). In general, the results showed increasing trends for the considered parameters, although annual average temperature showed a higher increasing rate than annual maximum temperature during the study period.

KeywordUrban Areas Temperature Trends Parametric And non-Parametric Tests Pakistan
DOI10.3390/atmos8010012
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Quartile4区
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18531
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 9, Block 4, South Renmin Road, Chengdu 610041,China
2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,
3.Department of Economics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
4.Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Raheel Anjum,Xiubin He,Javed Iqbal Tanoli,et al. Contemporary Temperature Fluctuation in Urban Areas of Pakistan[J]. ATMOSPHERE,2017,8(1):doi:10.3390/atmos8010012.
APA Raheel Anjum,Xiubin He,Javed Iqbal Tanoli,&Syed Turab Raza.(2017).Contemporary Temperature Fluctuation in Urban Areas of Pakistan.ATMOSPHERE,8(1),doi:10.3390/atmos8010012.
MLA Raheel Anjum,et al."Contemporary Temperature Fluctuation in Urban Areas of Pakistan".ATMOSPHERE 8.1(2017):doi:10.3390/atmos8010012.
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