IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2017  > Vol14 No.4
Factors affecting technical efficiency of small-scale apple farms in Balochistan Plateau, Pakistan
Ghulam MURTAZA; GopalBahadur THAPA
Corresponding AuthorGhulam MURTAZA
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
AbstractIn Balochistan,Agriculture is dominated by small-scale farmers and the apple production sector is confronted with the chronic constraint of low output per unit of input. Although some agricultural policies have been implemented in thisprovince, studies on effectiveness and impacts of such policies over apple production and farmers' performance are still limited. This study is an effort to bridge the research gap on this potential crop in the plateau by investigating technical and scale efficiency of 181 officially designated small-scale apple farmers in mountainous district Mastung in Balochistan; then explored factors that underlie differences in production inefficiency. A two-stage input-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methodology was employed to evaluate technical and scale efficiency followed by truncated bootstrapped regression framework to analyze the correlative determinants to efficiency. Average technical and scale efficiencies of larger landholders were higher than medium and small landholders. Analysis indicated that there is still ample scope for inefficient sample farmers to reduce the input use by 33% without compromising the given yield level. Maximum contributions to the total input savings were from the use of urea, farm yard manure (FYM) and labor-use. Farmer's experience, farm ownership, irrigation constraints, and farmer's access to trainings, credit and extension services significantly affectedapplefarmers'technicalefficiency.Based on the findings of this study, strategies are suggested to enhancing efficiencies by farmers' capacitydevelopment through effective extension services and trainings and provision of adequate credit.
KeywordSmall-scale Apple Farmers Technical Efficiency Data Envelopment Analysis (Dea) Bootstrap Efficiency-improving Resources Balochistan Plateau
Indexed BySCI
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Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2017_Vol14 No.4
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GB/T 7714
Ghulam MURTAZA,GopalBahadur THAPA. Factors affecting technical efficiency of small-scale apple farms in Balochistan Plateau, Pakistan[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2017,14(4):782-794.
APA Ghulam MURTAZA,&GopalBahadur THAPA.(2017).Factors affecting technical efficiency of small-scale apple farms in Balochistan Plateau, Pakistan.Journal of Mountain Science,14(4),782-794.
MLA Ghulam MURTAZA,et al."Factors affecting technical efficiency of small-scale apple farms in Balochistan Plateau, Pakistan".Journal of Mountain Science 14.4(2017):782-794.
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