IMHE OpenIR  > 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
基于扇形地形态特征的泥石流危险评估
Alternative TitleRisk Assessment Based on Morphological Characteristics of Debris Flow Alluvial Fan
李彦稷1,2,3; 胡凯衡1,2
Corresponding Author胡凯衡
2017
Source Publication山地学报
ISSN1008-2786
Volume35Issue:1Pages:32-38
Other Abstract

泥石流扇形地是山地居民生产生活的重要场所,也是泥石流泛滥危害的场地。科学评估泥石流扇形地的危险性,对扇形地开发具有重要意义。本文以对小江流域大白泥沟为研究对象,通过野外实地调查与成灾分析,结合泥石流扇形地形态特征和泥石流危害频率两个要素,建立了以距扇顶距离、与扇主轴夹角和危害频率为变量的定量扇形地危险性分布模型。结果表明:(1)泥石流扇形地上距离泥石流出山口越远,与主流线夹角越大的位置,受泥石流危害越小。(2)本模型在大白泥沟应用的计算结果与现场勘察验证结论相吻合,表明评估模型比较合理。(3)该模型所涉及的参数——距扇顶的长度、与扇主轴的夹角、危害频率,均可通过GIS和遥感分析得到,简单实用,为泥石流扇形地危险性评估工作提供了一种原理简单、计算方便的新方法。 
 

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In the mountainous areas it is quite common for people to settle on the stretch of alluvial fans consisted primarily of debris flow sedimentation,where specific settlements are highly vulnerable than other places in case of debris flow strike.A scientific risk assessment of the alluvial fan would be of great significance in the later commercial exploitation of the fan. Aimed to Dabaini Gully of Xiaojiang basin,Yunnan as a case study,this research completed field surveys and performed an integrated analysis of disaster formations,and then two factors,the morphological characteristics of debris flow alluvial fan with occurrence frequency of debris flow were combined to introduce a quantitative risk distribution model of the fan,which depended on three variable parameters,the distance from fan apex,the angle between fan's main axis and the occurrence frequency.Results confirmed: (1) Damages incurred by debris flow strike lied in the relative position of the settlement to the debris flow gully.Settlements located at a site far from the gully mouth,or at a larger separation angle with the mainstream line of debris flow would be less danger; (2) The application of the model to Dabaini Gully verified that a fine agreement between the field observation with the modeling was established,justifying the validation of the model; (3) Involved parameters of the model referred to the distance from fan apex,the included angle from fan axis and occurrence frequency,where all those values can be readily acquired by remote sensing and GIS analysis.The work provided a simple and convenient calculation method for risk assessment of debris flow fan.

Keyword泥石流 扇形地 危险性评估 遥感
Subject AreaP642.23
DOI10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000193
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5950257
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金面上项目(41371039) ; 国家重点基础研究发展计划( 2015CB452704) ; 中国科学院山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室开放基金
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18578
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
2.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
3.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李彦稷,胡凯衡. 基于扇形地形态特征的泥石流危险评估[J]. 山地学报,2017,35(1):32-38.
APA 李彦稷,&胡凯衡.(2017).基于扇形地形态特征的泥石流危险评估.山地学报,35(1),32-38.
MLA 李彦稷,et al."基于扇形地形态特征的泥石流危险评估".山地学报 35.1(2017):32-38.
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