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海拔对岷山大熊猫主食竹营养成分和氨基酸含量的影响
Alternative TitleEffect of different altitudes on the nutrient and amino acid contents of bamboo (Fargesia denudata), staple food of the giant pandao, in Minshan, Sichuan, China
王丹林1,2; 郭庆学1; 王小蓉3; 梁春平3; 张远彬1
Corresponding Author张远彬
2017
Source Publication生态学报
ISSN1000-0933
Volume37Issue:19Pages:6440-6447
Other Abstract

缺苞箭竹(Fargesia denudata)是岷山山系大熊猫的主食竹,其可食性在大熊猫食物营养质量评价中具有重要意义。为揭示海拔梯度上温差对大熊猫主食竹营养成分及其含量的影响,以自然生长在岷山山系核心区四川王朗国家级自然保护区不同海拔(2600、2850 m和3100 m)的缺苞箭竹为对象,对其笋、秆和叶的营养成分和氨基酸含量进行了研究。结果表明:(1)同一海拔缺苞箭竹的粗蛋白和粗脂肪含量均表现为叶>笋>秆,且笋、秆和叶的营养成分含量有显著差异(P<0.05);(2)粗蛋白和氨基酸总量随海拔升高而显著增加(P<0.05),而对粗脂肪和粗纤维的影响不显著(P>0.05);(3)除笋中苏氨酸、甘氨酸、半胱氨酸,秆中丝氨酸、蛋氨酸以及叶中半胱氨酸外,海拔对其余氨基酸含量均有显著影响(P<0.05);(4)海拔对粗蛋白/粗脂肪、粗蛋白/粗纤维有显著影响(P<0.05),在笋和秆中表现为海拔3100 m最高,而海拔对纤维素/粗纤维、粗脂肪/粗纤维的影响不显著(P>0.05)。缺苞箭竹叶、笋的营养成分含量明显高于秆;高海拔有利于缺苞箭竹各器官粗蛋白和氨基酸的积累,不利于粗纤维的积累,这可能使大熊猫的取食选择发生改变,更倾向于取食高海拔的笋和叶。

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Nutritional components of plant species (e.g.,contents of crude protein,crude fat,and amino acids),as well as the contents of fiber that influence animals' food digestibility,collectively determine animal food preferences. Animals would prefer to feed on leaves or stems with higher contents of crude protein,crude fat,and amino acids and a lower content of fiber. Many studies have demonstrated that nutritional components or fiber contents are differently impacted by various environmental factors. It is possible that differences in the nutrient or fiber content of vegetation under different conditions would potentially affect animal distribution through food choice. Dwarf-bamboo species dominate the underground layer of subalpine forests. However,the distribution or growth of these bamboo species is predicted to be markedly affected by global warming. As the main food source for the panda,changes in temperature may influence their preference for bamboo by altering bamboo nutrition. Although the temperature difference along vertical altitudinal gradients is obvious, there have been few studies focusing on the effects of different temperatures on bamboo due to altitudinal gradients,which could potentially influence panda food preference and distribution. We designed an in situ experiment to examine the effects of different altitudes on the contents of nutrients,such as crude protein and amino acids,and parameters related to animal food digestibility,such as fiber content,of dwarf bamboo ( Fargesia denudate) in Wanglang Nature Reserve in the northwest Sichuan Province,China. Samples ( leaf,shoot,and culm) of F. denudata were selected from three altitudes (2600 m,2850 m,and 3100 m) to study differences that may be attributable to differences in altitude. The results indicated that the nutrient compositions and amino acid contents of different parts of F. denudata showed different change patterns among the different altitudes. Our main results were as follows. (1) At the same altitude,nutrients of different F. denudata tissues (leaf,shoot,and culm) were significantly different from each other. For instance,the crude protein and crude fat contents of the leaf were the highest,whereas those of the stem were the lowest. In the shoot,these parameters were in the middle range. ( 2) Most interestingly,the amount of crude protein and total amino acids were markedly influenced by the altitudinal gradient,being significantly higher at 3100 m than at 2600 m. For example,the contents of crude protein and total amino acids of bamboo shoots were highest at 3100 m. However,crude fat and crude fiber showed no significant differences among the different altitudes. ( 3) In addition to the threonine,glycine,and cysteine in shoots, serine and methionine in culms,and cysteine in leaves,contents of the other amino acids were significantly affected by the altitudinal gradient. For example,the histidine content in shoots increased with increasing altitude. Altitude had significant effects on the ratios of crude protein /crude fat and crude protein /crude fiber; however,no significant effects were observed on the ratios of cellulose /crude fiber and crude fat /crude fiber. Our results demonstrate that at higher altitude,F. denudata accumulates higher contents of crude protein and total amino acids. Warmer climates would probably affect the distribution of F. denudata and characters related to panda food preference,such as crude protein content,which may,to a certain extent,determine panda movement or migration to higher altitudes to feed on relatively nutritious food.

Keyword缺苞箭竹 海拔 营养成分 氨基酸 大熊猫
DOI10.5846/stxb201607221496
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6088989
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金面上项目(31270650)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18703
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.四川王朗国家级自然保护区管理局
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王丹林,郭庆学,王小蓉,等. 海拔对岷山大熊猫主食竹营养成分和氨基酸含量的影响[J]. 生态学报,2017,37(19):6440-6447.
APA 王丹林,郭庆学,王小蓉,梁春平,&张远彬.(2017).海拔对岷山大熊猫主食竹营养成分和氨基酸含量的影响.生态学报,37(19),6440-6447.
MLA 王丹林,et al."海拔对岷山大熊猫主食竹营养成分和氨基酸含量的影响".生态学报 37.19(2017):6440-6447.
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