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Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal
Khatiwada, Shanta Paudel1,2; Deng, Wei1; Paudel, Bikash3; Khatiwada, Janak Raj2,4; Zhang, Jifei1; Su, Yi1,2
Corresponding AuthorWei Deng
2017
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
EISSN2071-1050
Volume9Issue:4Pages:612
SubtypeArticle
Abstract

Understanding household livelihood strategies is pivotal to minimize rural poverty in the least developed countries like Nepal. This study is an attempt to assess livelihood strategies pursued by rural households, investigate the most remunerative strategy, and identify the factors that influence a household's choice of better strategies in rural Nepal. Primary data collected in 453 households from three villages of central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively within a sustainable livelihood framework. This study categorized households into five main livelihood strategy groups. The results showed that the majority (61%) of the households diversified their income to non-farm sources. Livelihood diversification to business/enterprise strategies adopted by 16% of the households is the most remunerative strategy followed by commercial farming that includes 13% of the sample and are more relevant to poverty reduction. Land holding, education, agriculture and skill training, access to credit, and proximity to the road and market center are the major influencing factors on the adoption of higher returning livelihood strategies. Stimulating poor households to follow market-oriented farm and non-farm activities by improving access to education, vocational training, rural credit, and rural infrastructures is momentous for reducing poverty in the rural areas of central Nepal.

KeywordLivelihood Strategy Poverty Cluster Analysis Multivariate Analysis Elevation Central Nepal
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.3390/su9040612
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordINCOME DIVERSIFICATION ; AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY ; DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; CHINA ; DETERMINANTS ; SETTLEMENTS ; DEPENDENCE ; HIGHLANDS ; ETHIOPIA
Language英语
Quartile4区
TOP
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000402090300134
Funding OrganizationNSFC-ICIMOD Cooperation Project(41661144038-02) ; Aid project on Ministry of Science and technology of the PRC ; World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) ; CAS-TWAS President Fellowship Program
Citation statistics
Cited Times:43[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18741
Collection山区发展研究中心
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazard & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Local Initiat Biodivers Res & Dev LI BIRD, Gairapatan 4,Pokhara Post Box 324, Pokhara, Nepal
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Chengdu Inst Biol, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Khatiwada, Shanta Paudel,Deng, Wei,Paudel, Bikash,et al. Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2017,9(4):612.
APA Khatiwada, Shanta Paudel,Deng, Wei,Paudel, Bikash,Khatiwada, Janak Raj,Zhang, Jifei,&Su, Yi.(2017).Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal.SUSTAINABILITY,9(4),612.
MLA Khatiwada, Shanta Paudel,et al."Household Livelihood Strategies and Implication for Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas of Central Nepal".SUSTAINABILITY 9.4(2017):612.
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