IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
不同种植年限设施菜地土壤有机质组成与结构变化
Alternative TitleChanges of Soil Organic Matter Composition and Structure in Greenhouse Vegetable with Cultivated Years
宋蒙亚1,3; 吴萌2; 刘明2; 江春玉2; 李忠佩2,2
Corresponding Author李忠佩
2016
Source Publication土壤通报
ISSN0564-3945
Volume47Issue:6Pages:1386-1392
Other Abstract

试验采集不同种植年限设施菜地土壤样品,测定土壤有机质(SOM) 、可溶性有机碳(DOC) 、胡敏酸(HA) 、富里酸(FA) 、微生物量碳(MBC) 、微生物商(C_(mic)- to- C_(org)) 、C矿化和E4/E6值等指标,结合傅立叶变换红外光谱技术解析不同种植年限土壤有机质组成与结构变化的规律。结果显示,随着种植年限的增加,SOM、DOC、HA、HA/FA、MBC、C_(mic)- to- C_(org)、E4/E6值、 C矿化率和CO_2释放速率均出现明显下降趋势,其中MBC、C_(mic)- to- C_(org)、C矿化率、CO_2释放速率和HA/FA在种植6 a时下降最明显,之后变化缓慢。与露天农田土壤(CK) 相比,设施菜地呈现较高的SOM、DOC、Humus、HA、FA、HA/FA和E4/E6。胡敏酸红外光谱图谱显示设施菜地种植20 a处理土壤芳构化程度高,结构稳定,难以降解,其他三种种植年限(3 a、6 A和10 a)的芳构化程度相对较低,脂肪族成分相对较高。综上可知,设施菜地土壤有机质组成与结构随着种植年限的增加具有规律性变化,结果加深了对设施菜地土壤有机质演变规律的认知。

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In this study, we collected soils in greenhouse vegetable with different cultivated years to explore the influences on the composition and structure of soil organic matter. Soil organic carbon (SOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), the ratio of MBC to SOC (C_(mic)- to- C_(org)), C mineralization rate and E4/E6 were measured and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) technique was used to analyze the variation tendency of the composition and structure of soil organic matter with different cultivated years. Our results demonstrated that SOC, DOC, HA, HA/FA, MBC, C_(mic)- to- C_(org), E4/E6, CO2- C release rate and C mineralization rate showed obviously decreased, especially in cultivation for 6 years. The result of FTIR analysis indicated that cultivation for 20 years showed the highest aromaticity of HA, with less aliphatic and more complex molecular structure. In summary, the composition and structure of soil organic matter in greenhouse vegetable showed certain variation tendency with cultivated years.

Keyword土壤有机质 胡敏酸 富里酸 碳矿化 E4/e6值 红外光谱
Subject AreaS667.7 ; S158.3
DOI10.19336/j.cnki.trtb.2016.06.16
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5993591
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金青年基金(41401258) ; 江苏省自然科学基金青年基金(BK20131044)项目资助
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/18887
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院南京土壤研究所土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室
3.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
宋蒙亚,吴萌,刘明,等. 不同种植年限设施菜地土壤有机质组成与结构变化[J]. 土壤通报,2016,47(6):1386-1392.
APA 宋蒙亚,吴萌,刘明,江春玉,&李忠佩.(2016).不同种植年限设施菜地土壤有机质组成与结构变化.土壤通报,47(6),1386-1392.
MLA 宋蒙亚,et al."不同种植年限设施菜地土壤有机质组成与结构变化".土壤通报 47.6(2016):1386-1392.
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