|Place of Conferral||北京|
|Keyword||地震灾区 地震灾害风险认知 防灾减灾意识 地震知识技能|
Paper on the basis of questionnaire survey, using methods of factor analysis, optimal scaling regression and path analysis model, research of earthquake disaster risk perception of mountain residents, to grasp seismic disaster risk cognitive characteristics and laws of the mountainous area residents, raise the residents' cognitive science of earthquake disaster risk and disaster response capacity, with important theoretical and practical significance, for the analysis of mountainous area residents’ cognitive process of earthquake disaster risk, with innovation.The main conclusions of this paper are as follows:(1) The earthquake disaster risk perception mainly includes four dimensions of the risk likelihood, negative emotional response, not sense of control and negative the influence degree, people in disaster areas overall cognitive level was of medium level; the earthquake disaster risk perception show significant demographic groups differences.(2) The awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation mainly includes three dimensions, such as the main body responsibility consciousness, the attitude to government and the tendency of disaster prevention, and the whole is in a high level, and the consciousness of disaster prevention and mitigation show significant demographic groups differences.(3) The earthquake disaster knowledge and skill level contains residents' understanding of the knowledge of earthquake occurred, housing safety knowledge and skills of self-help and mutual aid and other, overall is in a higher level; the earthquake disaster knowledge and skills, with significant differences in demographic groups.(4) The earthquake disaster risk perception, awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation, earthquake knowledge and skills are affected by individual social and economic characteristics, family demographic characteristics, family living characteristics and other variables. (5) Residents’ cognitive process of the earthquake disaster risk overall performance for three layer structure, the improvement of knowledge enhance residents’ awareness and willingness of disaster prevention and mitigation and also by risk perception of residents has a positive effect on awareness and willingness of disaster prevention and reduction, cognitive play an intermediary role in knowledge and skills and awareness and willingness of disaster prevention and mitigation, with the unscientific risk perception will inhibit the improvement of residents’ awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation.
|刘恩来. 山区居民地震灾害风险认知研究——以汶川地震灾区为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2016.|
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