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Alternative TitleA Comparative Study on Mountain Development Policy between China and Other Countries
Thesis Advisor邓伟
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Name硕士
Degree Discipline环境工程
Keyword山区发展 政策 比较研究
Other Abstract



China is a mountainous country in which the mountainous area totally accounts for 70% of its territorial area and about 45% people live there. The mountainous area has an important strategic position in the development of the region and even the country. But mountain development problems in China have long been neglected, lacking of effective policy attention. In difference with this situation, some foreign countries have developed and implemented some specific mountain development policies for their mountain areas, which can effectively promote the sustainable mountain development.Compared with foreign countries, there are still many gaps in the formulation of mountain development policy in China. In order to learn from foreign experience, this thesis uses the literature analysis and comparative analysis to achieve this goal. Firstly, the thesis reviews and summarizes the main content of economic, social and ecological environment part of the mountain development policy in China and other countries. Then, the thesis reveals the similarities and differences between Chinese mountain development policy and foreign mountain development policy through the comparative analysis. Finally, combining with the actual situation in the mountainous area of our country, the thesis discusses the enlightenment and suggestion to the development policy of China's mountainous area based on the summary of the main characteristics and effectiveness of the development policy in foreign countries.It founds that characteristics of foreign mountain development policy are mainly embodied in the policy of the high degree of law, emphasizing the comprehensive policy, paying attention to the coordination of development and protection, focusing on the improvement of the development environment in mountainous areas. Based on this, the thesis puts forward some suggestions for adjustment of China's mountain development policy, which are 1) promoting the legislation of mountain development and protection, 2) improving the accuracy of mountain development policy, 3) strengthening the system of mountain development policies, 4) making improvement of mountain development environment as the policy guidance. 

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张建新. 国内外山区发展政策比较研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2016.
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