IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Greenhouse gas emissions from excreta patches of grazing animals and their mitigation strategies
Cai, Yanjiang1,2,3; Chang, Scott X.2; Cheng, Yi3
2017
Source PublicationEARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS
ISSN0012-8252
EISSN1872-6828
Volume171Pages:44-57
SubtypeArticle
AbstractMore livestock is being raised globally (increasing from 3.55 billion in 2000 to 4.24 billion in 2014 for cattle, sheep, goats and horses, based on 2017 FAO data) due to the increasing demand for livestock products, which inevitably results in increased excreta (urine and dung) deposition onto grasslands. Urine and dung patches are hotspots for emissions of the three principal greenhouse gases (GHGs): nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from grazed grasslands; however, the underlying mechanisms controlling GHG emissions are still not well understood and few strategies have been developed to mitigate such GHG emissions. Here, we review research on GHG emissions from excreta patches and propose possible mitigation strategies. The emission of N2O from excreta patches is mainly caused by increased nitrification and denitrification, in association with the increased abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and denitrifying bacteria. Emission of N2O increases after urine deposition regardless of the type of urine (net increases ranged from 1.06 to 6.51 kg N ha(-1)), while it increases (2.42 +/- 1.95 kg N ha(-1); mean +/- 95% confidence interval) only after cattle dung deposition, which also increases CH4 (11.8 +/- 5.32 kg C ha(-1)) and CO2 (893 +/- 693 kg C ha(-1)) emissions. The effect of urine on CH4 emission is complex and further research is required. The application of dicyandiamide (DCD) is effective in reducing N2O emissions from both cattle urine (- 4.24 +/- 1.10 kg N ha(-1)) and dung (- 0.66 +/- 0.61 kg N ha(-1)) patches. In urine patches, DCD can reduce AOB population size, but does not influence the denitrifying bacteria population size. Diet manipulation and grazing management are also potential measures for mitigating GHG emissions from excreta patches. Further research is required to ascertain the overall emission of GHGs from excreta patches at the ecosystem level and to explore strategies for the sustainable development of grazed grassland ecosystems.
KeywordBiochar Dung Nitrous Oxide Nitrification Inhibitor Nutrient Cycling Urine
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.05.013
WOS Subject ExtendedGeology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordNITROUS-OXIDE EMISSIONS ; GRAZED PASTURE SOIL ; NITRIFICATION INHIBITOR DICYANDIAMIDE ; AMMONIA-OXIDIZING BACTERIA ; QINGHAI-TIBETAN PLATEAU ; LACTATING DAIRY-COWS ; 3,4-DIMETHYLPYRAZOLE PHOSPHATE DMPP ; CARBON-DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ; N2O EMISSIONS ; URINE PATCHES
Language英语
Quartile1区
TOP
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000408289500003
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(41573070) ; State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y412201403) ; Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)(249664-2013)
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:36[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/19046
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChang, Scott X.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mt Surface Proc & Ecol Regulat, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
2.Univ Alberta, Dept Renewable Resources, 442 Earth Sci Bldg, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Soil Sci, State Key Lab Soil & Sustainable Agr, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Yanjiang,Chang, Scott X.,Cheng, Yi. Greenhouse gas emissions from excreta patches of grazing animals and their mitigation strategies[J]. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,2017,171:44-57.
APA Cai, Yanjiang,Chang, Scott X.,&Cheng, Yi.(2017).Greenhouse gas emissions from excreta patches of grazing animals and their mitigation strategies.EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,171,44-57.
MLA Cai, Yanjiang,et al."Greenhouse gas emissions from excreta patches of grazing animals and their mitigation strategies".EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS 171(2017):44-57.
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