IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
三峡库区耕地质量评价
Alternative TitleCultivated Land Quality Evaluation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area
王铭烽1,2; 田风霞1; 贺秀斌1; 鲍玉海1
Corresponding Author田风霞
2017
Source Publication山地学报
ISSN1008-2786
Volume35Issue:4Pages:556-565
Other Abstract

本文基于GIS与RS技术,结合三峡库区区域特点,从自然质量、区位条件、生态安全和空间形态四个层面选取指标,构建三峡库区耕地质量综合评价指标体系,对库区耕地质量进行评价与分类,并利用统计数据对研究结果进行验证。结果表明,三峡库区耕地质量整体较好。其中,一类、二类耕地分别占库区耕地面积的22.31%与34.18%,主要分布在库尾各区县及库中的涪陵区;三类、四类耕地分别占27.96%与15.55%,主要分布在库中各区县;单位面积实际粮食产量较高的区县内,一类、二类耕地面积所占比例较高,而单位面积实际粮食产量较低的区县,三类、四类耕地所占比例较高。该研究结果可为三峡库区耕地保护与土地规划提供参考依据。 
 

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Cultivated land quality is not only the basis of cultivated land evaluation but also the basis of prime farmland demarcating. In this paper,it constructed a cultivated land quality comprehensive evaluation system, whose relevant indicators included the natural quality,site conditions,ecological security and spatial pattern for
evaluation of cultivated land quality in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area ( TGRA) . It used statistical data to verify our evaluations. The results were as follows: The quality of cultivated lands were divided into four grades in TGRA, and the quality in generally was fine. The first grade of cultivated lands accounted for 22.31% of the entire
cultivated lands,and mainly were distributed in the middle and tail of the TGRA. The second grade of cultivated lands accounted for 34. 18%,and mainly were distributed in the middle and tail of TGRA. Compared with the first grade,the second grade at different places had different limiting factors. Therefore appropriate measures were
adopted to improve the cultivated land quality according to the limiting factors,including soil improvement, cultivated land space adjustment and so on. The third grade of cultivated lands accounted for 27. 96%,and mainly were distributed in the middle of TGRA. The poor spatial pattern was a sign of the third grade. And it needed a
long-term planning and reasonable measures to improve the third grade quality. The fourth grade of cultivated lands accounted for 15.55%,and mainly were distributed in the middle of TGRA. The poor spatial pattern and the low ecological security were the signs of the fourth grade. As the fourth grade was referred,all kinds of limiting factors
should be analyzed to determine whether or not to adopt returning farmland ecological engineering. According to grain production data in each county ( district) of TGRA in 2010,the counties ( districts) which had high yield per unit owned a high proportion of the first and the second grades of cultivated lands. In contrast,those had low yield
per unit owned a high proportion of the third and the fourth grades of cultivated lands. These results will provide reference for cultivated land protection and land use planning in the TGRA.

Keyword土地利用 耕地质量 地理信息系统 综合评价 三峡库区
Subject AreaF323.211
DOI10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000253
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6066148
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金资助项目(41201273) ; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41571278) ; 中国科学院科技服务网络计划(STS计划)项目(KFJ-SW-STS-175-04)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/19114
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王铭烽,田风霞,贺秀斌,等. 三峡库区耕地质量评价[J]. 山地学报,2017,35(4):556-565.
APA 王铭烽,田风霞,贺秀斌,&鲍玉海.(2017).三峡库区耕地质量评价.山地学报,35(4),556-565.
MLA 王铭烽,et al."三峡库区耕地质量评价".山地学报 35.4(2017):556-565.
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