IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
贡嘎山营养元素和重金属的生物地球化学研究现状与展望
Alternative TitleProgress and Perspective of Research on Biogeochemistry of Nutrient Elements and Heavy Metals in Mt.Gongga
祝贺1,2; 吴艳宏1; 邴海健1; 周俊1; 孙宏洋1; 何清清1,2
Corresponding Author吴艳宏
2017
Source Publication山地学报
ISSN1008-2786
Volume35Issue:5Pages:686-697
Other Abstract

本文对贡嘎山地区营养元素和重金属的生物地球化学循环的研究现状进行了总结,在此基础上探讨了未来须关注的热点和方向。目前围绕贡嘎山生态系统的碳(C)、氮(N)生物地球化学循环研究主要开展了C和N的分布特征、储量、凋落物中元素的归还与释放等方面的工作;磷(P)的生物地球化学研究包括不同海拔梯度和土壤演替阶段土壤P的形态、生物有效性、迁移转化及其影响因素、成土作用和微生物作用对土壤P的生物有效性的影响等;重金属的生物地球化学研究主要围绕重金属的赋存特征、来源、影响因素和潜在生态风险等方面。未来需要将大气-水-土壤-植物-微生物系统作为一个整体,系统研究养分元素的生物地球化学循环过程和机制以及重金属的迁移转化和关键控制因素,加强各元素生物地球化学循环耦合关系研究,建立多种元素循环的耦合模型,为山地生态安全和生态修复提供理论基础。 
 

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The research on the biogeochemical cycles of nutrient elements and heavy metals on the Mt. Gongga was systemically reviewed,and the focuses and perspectives of future research were also prospected. The research of the biogeochemistry of carbon (C) and nitrogen ( N) in the ecosystem of Mt. Gongga was involved in their distribution characteristics,pools,and returning /release from litterfall through decomposition. The biogeochemical cycles of phosphorus ( P) have mainly explored the variations of its fractions and bioavailability along the altitudinal gradient and with soil development,and the migration and transformations of soil P as well as its controlling factors were
comprehensively deciphered. Moreover,the effects of microbial activity and  pedogenesis on the P bioavailability have been preliminarily explored. The distribution characteristics,sources and influencing factors of heavy metals on the eastern slope of Mt.Gongga have been systematically investigated in last few years according to multiple methods,and their contamination and potential ecological risks have also been assessed. In future,the systematic research on the biogeochemical processes and mechanisms of nutrient cycling need be delineated in the air-watersoil-
plant-microbial systems. Meanwhile,the processes of migration and transformation of heavy metals should be highlighted,and the key mechanisms controlling these processes need be further explored. A quantity of conceptual and numerical coupling models for the element cycles will be established to provide a theoretical basis for mountain ecological safety and ecological restoration.

Keyword营养元素 重金属 植物 微生物 迁移转化 贡嘎山
Subject AreaP593
DOI10.16089/j.cnki.1008-2786.000268
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6091660
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(41630751) ; 中国科学院青年创新促进会人才项目
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/19167
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
祝贺,吴艳宏,邴海健,等. 贡嘎山营养元素和重金属的生物地球化学研究现状与展望[J]. 山地学报,2017,35(5):686-697.
APA 祝贺,吴艳宏,邴海健,周俊,孙宏洋,&何清清.(2017).贡嘎山营养元素和重金属的生物地球化学研究现状与展望.山地学报,35(5),686-697.
MLA 祝贺,et al."贡嘎山营养元素和重金属的生物地球化学研究现状与展望".山地学报 35.5(2017):686-697.
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