IMHE OpenIR  > Journal of Mountain Science  > Journal of Mountain Science-2017  > Vol14 No.11
Torrential flood prevention in the Kolubara river basin
Corresponding AuthorDRAGIĆEVIĆ Slavoljub
Source PublicationJournal of Mountain Science
AbstractOne of the most vulnerable parts to natural hazards in Serbia is Kolubara river basin. In the past, during the period from 1929 to 2013, 121 torrential flood events in the Kolubara river basin were recorded which show that this territory is extremely vulnerable to the torrential floods. The extreme event which occurred in May 2014 causing the catastrophic material damages and casualties was the latest and historical flood. The analysis of natural conditions in the Kolubara basin uniformly showed that this area is predisposed to a greater number of torrential floods due to its geomorphological, hydrological and land use properties. Torrential floods are closely related to the intensity and spatial distribution of erosive processes in the upper part of the Kolubara basin. The estimation of soil erosion potential is generally achieved by Erosion Potential Model (EPM). For the purposes of determining the degree of torrential properties in various water streams in the Kolubara basin, the calculation of susceptibility to torrential floods was assessed by Flash Flood Potential Index (FFPI). More than half of the basin area (57.2%) is located within the category of very weak and weak erosion (Zsr = 0.35), but the category of medium erosion is geospatially very common. Such a distribution of medium erosion category provides conditions for generating, i.e. production of sediment which would boost torrential properties of water streams. After the classification of the obtained FFPI values it was determined that 25% of the Kolubara basin is very susceptible to torrents and this data should be seriously taken into consideration. Based on the analyses, the best and most successful manner of defence is prevention which consists of the integrated river basin management system (integrated torrent control system) so that technical works in hydrographic networks of torrents and biological and biotechnical works on the slope of the basin would be the best solution. Permanent control of erosive and torrential processes in the river basin will be not only important for flood control but it can also protect the existing and future water reservoirs and retentions from siltation with erosion sediment which is of great significance to the water management, agriculture, energy sector, and the entire society.
KeywordSoil Erosion Torrential Floods Erosion Control Works Integrated River Basin Management
Indexed BySCI
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Document Type期刊论文
CollectionJournal of Mountain Science_Journal of Mountain Science-2017_Vol14 No.11
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KOSTADINOV Stanimir,DRAGIĆEVIĆ Slavoljub,STEFANOVIĆ Tomislav,et al. Torrential flood prevention in the Kolubara river basin[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2017,14(11):2230-2245.
APA KOSTADINOV Stanimir,DRAGIĆEVIĆ Slavoljub,STEFANOVIĆ Tomislav,NOVKOVIĆ Ivan,&PETROVIĆ M. Ana.(2017).Torrential flood prevention in the Kolubara river basin.Journal of Mountain Science,14(11),2230-2245.
MLA KOSTADINOV Stanimir,et al."Torrential flood prevention in the Kolubara river basin".Journal of Mountain Science 14.11(2017):2230-2245.
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