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两相光滑粒子流体动力学方法在动床溃坝问题中的应用
Alternative TitleApplication of two-phase smoothed particle hydrodynamics method to dam break over movable bed
乔成1,2,3; 潘华利1; 欧国强1
Corresponding Author欧国强
2017-09
Source Publication中国科学院大学学报
ISSN2095-6134
Volume34Issue:5Pages:625-632
Abstract

光滑粒子流体动力学(SPH)方法采用离散分布的粒子作为离散工具,借助粒子和核函数将场变量及其导数以某种加权求和的方式进行计算,使得该方法更适于处理包含大位移、动边界和自由表面的问题.本文在分析动床条件下的溃坝问题时,以Drunker-Prager准则作为底床颗粒物的侵蚀启动判断条件.满足该条件而发生启动的颗粒物将以非牛顿流体的特征发生运动,即以Herschel-Bulkley-Papanastasiou模型来描述;否则,认为底床颗粒物未启动而保持静止状态.为进一步改进计算结果,采用基于体积比的两相SPH方法描述固液混合体的动力学特征,并基于固液混合颗粒流的动力学特征对混合黏度的计算进行改进.基于上述原理,分析动床条件下的溃坝问题,并将数值计算结果与已有的实验数据进行对比,证明本文提出的混合黏度计算公式改进了数值计算结果.

Other Abstract

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics( SPH) method adopts discrete particles for discretion
of computational domain,and field variables and their spatial derivatives are evaluated by summation interpolation based on particle and kernel functions,which makes this method more suitable for processing the large displacement,movable boundary,and free surface problems. In order to analyze the dam break problem over movable bed,an erosion condition based on Drunker-Prager is used. The particles satisfying this condition will move with the non-Newtonian characteristic,i. e. ,Herschel-Bulkley-Papanastasiou rheology,while the particles which do not satisfy the condition will
remain still. In order to improve the results of numerical modelling further,a two-phase SPH method which is based on the ratio of volume is applied when modelling the dynamics of mixture,and the calculation of viscosity of mixture is improved based on the dynamic characters of solid-fluid mixture. A dam-break problem over movable bed is analyzed based on the model mentioned above. Numerical results are compared with the experimental data,and the comparison verifies that the proposed formula improves the results of numerical modelling.


 

Keyword光滑粒子流体动力学 动床 溃坝 两相 非牛顿流体
Subject AreaO35
Indexed ByCSCD ; 北大中文核心
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6072560
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/20624
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 中国科学院山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.安徽理工大学土木建筑学院
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
乔成,潘华利,欧国强. 两相光滑粒子流体动力学方法在动床溃坝问题中的应用[J]. 中国科学院大学学报,2017,34(5):625-632.
APA 乔成,潘华利,&欧国强.(2017).两相光滑粒子流体动力学方法在动床溃坝问题中的应用.中国科学院大学学报,34(5),625-632.
MLA 乔成,et al."两相光滑粒子流体动力学方法在动床溃坝问题中的应用".中国科学院大学学报 34.5(2017):625-632.
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