IMHE OpenIR  > 数字山地与遥感应用中心
Land Cover Mapping and Its Spatial Pattern Analysis in Nepal
Language英语
Lei Guangbin1; Li Ainong1; Cao Xiaomin1; Zhao Wei1; Bian Jinhu1,3; Deng Wei2; Koirala Hriday Lal4
Source PublicationLAND COVER CHANGE AND ITS ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES IN NEPAL
EditorLi A ; Deng W ; Zhao W
Pages17-39
2017
PublisherSPRINGER
Publication PlaceSingapore
KeywordLand cover Mapping Spatial patterns Nepal The belt and road initiative Remote sensing
Indexed ByBKCI-S
AbstractNepal, located in a unique transition zone spanning from plains to mountains and then to the plateau, is characterized by diverse and complex land cover. Based on an object-oriented method and decision tree classifier, a land cover product covering the whole of Nepal in 2010 (hereinafter referred to as the NepalCover-2010) was produced using 30 m-resolution Landsat TM images, consisting of 8 classes at Level I and 31 classes at Level II. The accuracy of the NepalCover-2010 product at Level II was validated using samples collected from high-resolution Google Earth images. The result showed that the overall accuracy of the product was 87.17%, with a Kappa coefficient of 0.85, making it the most accurate product among similar land cover products. The product can accurately reflect the spatial patterns of land cover in Nepal. Forests are the main land cover classes, accounting for 41% of the land, followed by croplands covering about 25%. The areal proportion of paddy fields to dry farmlands was approximately two to three. Topographical and meteorological factors presented as the determining effects on the spatial patterns of land cover in Nepal. With elevation uplift from south to north, land cover classes showed a vertical zonality ordered thus: paddy fields, evergreen broadleaf forests, dry farmlands, evergreen broadleaf shrubs, evergreen needleleaf forests, grasslands, sparse vegetation, and permanent ice/ snow. Land cover mapping in Nepal contributes significantly to the basic data collection in this country, and can also be of a benefit to China's international regional economic cooperation strategy entitled " the Belt and Road Initiative".
ISBN978-981-10-2890-8; 978-981-10-2889-2
ISSN2194-315X
DOI10.1007/978-981-10-2890-8_2
WOS IDWOS:000432241500003
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type专著章节文集论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/20755
Collection数字山地与遥感应用中心
山区发展研究中心
Corresponding AuthorLi Ainong
Affiliation1.Research Center for Digital Mountain and Remote Sensing Application, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China;
2.Research Center for Mountain Development, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China;
3.Department of Geographic Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, USA;
4.Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lei Guangbin,Li Ainong,Cao Xiaomin,et al. Land Cover Mapping and Its Spatial Pattern Analysis in Nepal. LAND COVER CHANGE AND ITS ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES IN NEPAL. Singapore:SPRINGER,2017:17-39.
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