IMHE OpenIR  > 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Towards global applicability? Erosion source discrimination across catchments using compound-specific delta C-13 isotopes
Brandt, Christian1; Dercon, Gerd2; Cadisch, Georg1; Nguyen, Lam T.3; Schuller, Paulina4; Bravo Linares, Claudio4; Castillo Santana, Alejandra4; Golosov, Valentin5,6; Benmansour, Moncef7; Amenzou, Nourredine7; Zhang Xinbao8; Rasche, Frank1
2018-03-15
Source PublicationAGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0167-8809
Volume256Pages:114-122
AbstractAccurate identification of soil erosion hot spots across catchments of different sizes and agro-ecologies through the use of conventional tracing techniques has proven challenging. Since this problem hinders implementation of precise soil conservation measures by land managers and decision-making bodies, novel evidence-based techniques are needed. To meet this need, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, Vienna, Austria) initiated the Coordinated Research Project entitled "Integrated Isotopic Approaches for an Area-wide Precision Conservation to Control the Impacts of Agricultural Practices on Land Degradation and Soil Erosion - D1.20.11" in 2008. This project emphasized the application of isotopic approaches to identify hot spots of land degradation in agricultural catchments to develop effective soil conservation measures. As one key outcome of this project, we present here an aligned protocol to explore the potential of compound-specific stable isotope (CSSI) analysis of individual fatty acids (FA) combined with Bayesian statistics to discriminate sediment sources across six catchments of different sizes and agro-ecologies. The global applicability of the CSSI approach was first tested on the basis of major land use categories (i.e., forest, cultivated and non-cultivated land) as potential sediment sources in the studied catchments. These land use categories were then further resolved into specific land use types (e.g., cassava and maize fields, orchards) to assess the potential resolution threshold of the CSSI technique. In a final step, the influence of miscellaneous sources (e.g., roads, channel banks) that had the potential to distort proportional contributions to sediment deposition was assessed. The introduced aligned protocol of the CSSI technique was applied to discriminate individual erosion sources based on land use types of tested catchments. Merging catchment-specific land use types with broader land use categories made it possible to determine inter catchment comparisons of isotopic signatures due to significant differences in delta C-13 values of fatty acids when cultivated land was present. Notably, no correlations were found between different catchment sizes, agroecologies, number and type of land use types, or soil organic carbon concentrations and the number of significant delta C-13 fatty acid values of the various land use types. Thus, we propose that the presented CSSI technique has the potential to identify soil erosion hot spots in contrasting catchments of different sizes and agro-ecologies.
KeywordCompound-specific stable isotopes (CSSI) Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) Stable isotope analysis in R (SCAR) Sediment source discrimination Agro-ecological zones
DOI10.1016/j.agee.2018.01.010
WOS KeywordPRECISION CONSERVATION ; SEDIMENT SOURCES ; FALLOUT RADIONUCLIDES ; SUSPENDED SEDIMENT ; SPATIAL-ANALYSIS ; ORGANIC-MATTER ; FRENCH ALPS ; N-ALKANES ; SUSTAINABILITY ; IDENTIFICATION
Language英语
Funding ProjectIAEA ; German Research Foundation (DFG)[SFB 564] ; DFG ; EnBW Rainforest Foundation
WOS Research AreaAgriculture ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectAgriculture, Multidisciplinary ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000426023800012
Funding OrganizationIAEA ; German Research Foundation (DFG) ; DFG ; EnBW Rainforest Foundation
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/21283
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorRasche, Frank
Affiliation1.Univ Hohenheim, Inst Agr Sci Trop, Hans Ruthenberg Inst, Stuttgart, Germany
2.IAEA, Soil & Water Management & Crop Nutr Lab, Joint FAO IAEA Div Nucl Tech Food & Agr, Dept Nucl Sci & Applicat, Vienna, Austria
3.Vietnam Natl Univ Agr, Dept Environm Management, Hanoi, Vietnam
4.Univ Austral Chile, Fac Ciencias, Inst Ciencas Quim, Valdivia, Chile
5.Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Fac Geog, Moscow, Russia
6.Kazan Volga Reg Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Environm, Kazan, Russia
7.Ctr Natl Energie Sci & Tech Nucl, Rabat, Morocco
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Brandt, Christian,Dercon, Gerd,Cadisch, Georg,et al. Towards global applicability? Erosion source discrimination across catchments using compound-specific delta C-13 isotopes[J]. AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT,2018,256:114-122.
APA Brandt, Christian.,Dercon, Gerd.,Cadisch, Georg.,Nguyen, Lam T..,Schuller, Paulina.,...&Rasche, Frank.(2018).Towards global applicability? Erosion source discrimination across catchments using compound-specific delta C-13 isotopes.AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT,256,114-122.
MLA Brandt, Christian,et al."Towards global applicability? Erosion source discrimination across catchments using compound-specific delta C-13 isotopes".AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT 256(2018):114-122.
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