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Spatio-Temporal Impact of Rural Livelihood Capital on Labor Migration in Panxi, Southwestern Mountainous Region of China
Wan, Jiangjun1,2; Deng, Wei1,2; Song, Xueqian3; Liu, Ying1; Zhang, Shaoyao1,2; Su, Yi1,2; Lu, Yafeng1
2018
Source PublicationCHINESE GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE
ISSN1002-0063
EISSN1993-064X
Volume28Issue:1Pages:153-166
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank1
AbstractLabor migration to urban centers is a common phenomenon in the Panxi region of the southwestern mountainous region of China, mainly owing to inadequate livelihood capital in rural areas. Numerous studies have been conducted to explore the relationship between labor migration and its causes, such as individual and family characteristics, but few studies have focused on livelihood capital. This paper examines the impact factors on labor migration employment location selection and duration from a household livelihood capital perspective. A case study of 279 households from 10 villages in the area was carried out in February 2016. We used both qualitative and quantitative methods to analyze the data. On the basis of the 279 questionnaires, the proportion of households with non-labor migration is 48.4%, whereas households with labor migration within a local city and migration across regions account for 28.7% and 22.9%, respectively. Social, financial, and human capitals are the primary factors that influence migrants' employment location choice positively. Among them, social capital has a significant impact on both migration within a local city and across regions; each of the regression coefficients is 1.111 and 1.183. Social, human, and financial capitals also have a positive impact on the duration of labor migration, and similarly, social capital is the highest coefficient with 2.489. However, physical capital only partly impacts labor migration across regions, whereas the impact of labor migration within a local city, and the duration, are not significant. Furthermore, the impact of household natural capital on migration space and time are all negative relationships, especially for labor migration across the regions and duration, with coefficient scores of 4.836 and 3.450, respectively. That is to say, a laborer is inclined to migrate within a local city for a short term, or not migrate at all, if natural capital is abundant. Our analysis results show that household livelihood capital has a strong spatio-temporal impact on labor migration.
Keywordlabor migration livelihood capital spatio-temporal impact southwestern mountainous region China
DOI10.1007/s11769-018-0936-8
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordGORGES RESERVOIR AREA ; URBAN MIGRATION ; EMPLOYMENT LOCATION ; MIGRANT WORKERS ; SELECTION ; SETTLEMENTS ; STRATEGIES ; DEPENDENCE ; DYNAMICS ; MOBILITY
Language英语
Quartile4区
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41471469] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41601141] ; National Key Basic Research Program of China[2015CB452706] ; Humanities and Social Sciences Youth Project of Ministry of Education in China[14YJCZH130] ; Youth Talent Team Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences[SDSQB-2015-01]
TOP
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000429360300013
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Basic Research Program of China ; Humanities and Social Sciences Youth Project of Ministry of Education in China ; Youth Talent Team Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:12[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/22886
Collection山区发展研究中心
Corresponding AuthorDeng, Wei
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China;
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;
3.Chengdu Univ Informat Technol, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, Peoples R China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wan, Jiangjun,Deng, Wei,Song, Xueqian,et al. Spatio-Temporal Impact of Rural Livelihood Capital on Labor Migration in Panxi, Southwestern Mountainous Region of China[J]. CHINESE GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE,2018,28(1):153-166.
APA Wan, Jiangjun.,Deng, Wei.,Song, Xueqian.,Liu, Ying.,Zhang, Shaoyao.,...&Lu, Yafeng.(2018).Spatio-Temporal Impact of Rural Livelihood Capital on Labor Migration in Panxi, Southwestern Mountainous Region of China.CHINESE GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE,28(1),153-166.
MLA Wan, Jiangjun,et al."Spatio-Temporal Impact of Rural Livelihood Capital on Labor Migration in Panxi, Southwestern Mountainous Region of China".CHINESE GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE 28.1(2018):153-166.
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