IMHE OpenIR  > 山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
有机污染物的植物-微生物联合修复技术研究进展
Alternative TitleProgress on plant-microorganism combined remediation of organic pollutants
黄俊伟1; 闯绍闯1; 陈凯1; 凌婉婷2; 唐翔宇3; 蒋建东1
Corresponding Author蒋建东
2017
Source Publication浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版)
ISSN1008-9209
Volume43Issue:6Pages:757-765
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank3
Abstract环境中有机污染物如各类农药、石油化合物、多环芳烃、多氯联苯等导致了严重的环境污染问题,对人类健康也造成了严重威胁。因此,对环境中有机污染物的去除研究引起了人们的重视。在有机污染物修复技术中,最新出现的植物-微生物联合修复技术因其高效、环境友好和修复成本低等优点受到越来越多的关注。本文论述了有机污染物的植物-微生物联合修复技术原理、形式及其在污染土壤修复应用中的研究进展,并讨论了植物-微生物联合修复技术今后的研究重点,以期为环境中有机污染物修复提供参考。
Other AbstractOrganic pollutants including chemical pesticides, petroleum compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), have caused serious environmental problems and posed new threats to human health when released into environments. Therefore, studies on the remediation of organic pollutants in contaminated-sites have received great concern. Plant-microorganism combined remediation of organic pollutants is a method to enrich, fix and degrade organic pollutants in soil by means of plant-microbe composite system, which is highly efficient, environmentally friendly and cheap, and has been paid more and more attention. On the one hand, the roots of plants continue to provide secretions and other metabolites for microorganisms, improve the contents of soil organic matter in roots, thus increasing the microbial diversity andl activity, and promoting the ability of microbial remediation of organic pollutants. On the other hand, rhizosphere microorganisms secrete organic acids and other substances, are able to change the existing state or redox state of organic pollutants in the environment, and reduce the toxicity of organic compounds to plants, strengthen the tolerance of plants, and promote the absorption, transfer and enrichment of organic pollutants. Plantmicroorganism is mutually beneficial to each other, which can enhance the effect of phytoremediation. The combined forms of phytoremediation include plant-rhizosphere microorganisms, plant-mycorrhizal fungi, plant-endophyte and plantspecific degrading bacteria. In recent years, a series of advances have been made in phytoremediation of plant-microorganism combination. Examples include that the interaction of alfalfa and soil microbe can greatly reduce the concentration of PCBs in soil, and the inoculation of rhizobium and mycorrhizal fungi enhances the ability of alfalfa to remove PCBs. Regarding the problems raised in the development of bioremediation, the following three aspects should be emphasized in the study of plant-microorganism remediation in the future: 1) Screen selected microbial strains and plant materials to improve the remediation efficiency of microbe and resistance of plants; 2) strengthen the real-time monitoring ability of bioremediation process of organic pollutants, optimize and control the living environment of plants and microorganisms, and improve the efficiency of remediation; 3) improve the degradation efficiency by enhancing the bioavailability of pollutants to strengthen the bioremediation effect.
Keyword有机污染物 植物 微生物 联合修复 生物修复
DOI10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2017.05.161
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6149583
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/23047
Collection山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Affiliation1.南京农业大学生命科学学院/农业部农业环境微生物重点实验室;
2.南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院;
3.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所/山地表生过程与生态调控重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
黄俊伟,闯绍闯,陈凯,等. 有机污染物的植物-微生物联合修复技术研究进展[J]. 浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版),2017,43(6):757-765.
APA 黄俊伟,闯绍闯,陈凯,凌婉婷,唐翔宇,&蒋建东.(2017).有机污染物的植物-微生物联合修复技术研究进展.浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版),43(6),757-765.
MLA 黄俊伟,et al."有机污染物的植物-微生物联合修复技术研究进展".浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版) 43.6(2017):757-765.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
有机污染物的植物_微生物联合修复技术研究(1887KB)期刊论文出版稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[黄俊伟]'s Articles
[闯绍闯]'s Articles
[陈凯]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[黄俊伟]'s Articles
[闯绍闯]'s Articles
[陈凯]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[黄俊伟]'s Articles
[闯绍闯]'s Articles
[陈凯]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: 有机污染物的植物_微生物联合修复技术研究进展_黄俊伟.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.