IMHE OpenIR  > 山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Effects of vegetation buffer strips on concentrated flow hydraulics and gully bed erosion based on in situ scouring experiments
Yifan Dong1,3; Donghong Xiong1; Zheng'an Su1; Dan Yang1; Xueyong Zheng1; Liangtao Shi2; Jean Poesen3
Corresponding AuthorDonghong Xiong
2018
Source PublicationLAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT
ISSN1085-3278
EISSN1099-145X
Volume29Issue:6Pages:1672-1682
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank2
AbstractVegetation on gully beds could intercept runoff, reduce incision of gully bed, and trap sediment from upstream area. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influences of vegetation buffer strips on concentrated flow hydraulics and gully bed erosion downstream of gully headcuts. Five gully head plots containing different buffer strip widths with similar vegetation density were constructed for in situ scouring experiments. Each plot received 11 tests with 2 discharges (i.e., 7 tests simulating 83.3 L min(-1) and 4 tests simulating 166.7 L min(-1)). Buffer strips clearly decrease flow hydraulics (about 56-70%) and increase flow resistance (1.2 to 1.5 times) according to the selected hydraulic parameters. After 11 tests, total net erosion volume (NEV) and average sediment concentration from each gully bed showed an exponential decreasing relationship with increasing widths of buffer strips. All the selected hydraulic parameters showed a strong correlation with total NEV from the bare soil sections (0.43 < R-2 < .61 with significance level reaching .01), whereas the relationship was very weak in the buffer strips. The gross deposition volume in buffer strips showed a linear correlation with upstream NEV (NEVu) and flow velocity (R-2 = .91, p < .001). Split flow effects expressed by braid index increased with increasing widths of buffer strips and scouring times. Both bare and vegetated sections suffered from erosion clearly, but the average NEV from buffer strips was about 30.2% of bare soil sections. This indicated the buffer strip effects on reducing erosion were more significant than trapping sediments were in this study.
Keywordbraid index deposition gully erosion split flow effects vegetation buffer strips
DOI10.1002/ldr.2943
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Quartile1区
TOP
WOS IDWOS:000435278900013
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/23161
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorDonghong Xiong
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards &Surface Process, Institute of MountainHazards and Environment, Chinese Academyof Sciences, 610041 Chengdu, PR China;
2.Institute of Tropical Eco‐agriculturalSciences, Yunnan Academy of AgriculturalSciences, Yuanmou 651300 Yunnan, PR China;
3.Division of Geography and Tourism,Department of Earth and EnvironmentalSciences, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven,Celestijnenlaan 200E, BE‐3001 Heverlee,Belgium
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yifan Dong,Donghong Xiong,Zheng'an Su,et al. Effects of vegetation buffer strips on concentrated flow hydraulics and gully bed erosion based on in situ scouring experiments[J]. LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT,2018,29(6):1672-1682.
APA Yifan Dong.,Donghong Xiong.,Zheng'an Su.,Dan Yang.,Xueyong Zheng.,...&Jean Poesen.(2018).Effects of vegetation buffer strips on concentrated flow hydraulics and gully bed erosion based on in situ scouring experiments.LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT,29(6),1672-1682.
MLA Yifan Dong,et al."Effects of vegetation buffer strips on concentrated flow hydraulics and gully bed erosion based on in situ scouring experiments".LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT 29.6(2018):1672-1682.
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