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Geographical Dynamics of Poverty in Nepal between 2005 and 2011: Where and How?
Zhang, Jifei1,2; Liu, Chunyan3; Hutton, Craig2; Koirala, Hriday Lal4
2018
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume10Issue:6Pages:24
SubtypeArticle
AbstractPoverty eradication is currently a central issue within the national economic development strategy in developing countries. Understanding the spatial changes and possible drivers of poverty from different geographical perspectives has the potential to provide a policy-relevant understanding of the trends in poverty. By district-level data, poverty incidence (PI), and a statistical analysis of the period from 2005 to 2011 in Nepal, we used the location quotient (LQ), as well as the Lorenz curve, to inspect the poverty concentration and the spatial-temporal variation of poverty in Nepal. As such, this study analyzed the change in identified typologies of poverty using an approach, which accounts for inter-regional and three identified terrain components. The PI methodological approach was applied in order to (i) compare the spatial change in poverty for Nepal during the study period from a geographical-administrative perspective and (ii) to develop Lorenze curves which show the change of poverty concentration over the study period. Within the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) approach, PI was further used, in combination with the indices of poverty gap (PG) and squared poverty gap (SPG), in order to highlight the unidimensional poverty (UP), that is the incidence, depth, and severity of poverty between 2005 and 2011. Simultaneously, the spatial relationship between UP and economic development was assessed, leading to five specific economic modes or typologies of poverty. Our findings identified that proportional poverty appears to have grown in mountainous areas as well as more urbanized and developed regions, while the mid hill regions have steadily reduced proportions of poverty. We propose a hypothesis, for further examination, which suggests that the increase in proportional poverty in the mountain regions is as a result of the migration to the urban areas of Nepal of the relatively less poor, leaving behind a trapped poorer population. This migration to urban areas of the relatively less poor, rather counterintuitively, produced an increase in proportional poverty in the urban areas. This is due to the fact that while this population represents the wealthier mountain communities, they are still relatively poor in an urban setting.
Keywordunidimensional poverty (UP) geographical dynamics Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) Nepal
DOI10.3390/su10062055
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordMULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY ; INDEX ; REDUCTION ; ENVIRONMENT ; MIGRATION ; HEALTH ; CHINA ; DEPRIVATION ; COUNTRIES
Language英语
Quartile4区
Funding ProjectNSFC-ICIMOD Cooperation Project[41661144038-02] ; 135 Strategic Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences[SDS-135-1708] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences[2018407] ; State Scholarship Fund of China[201704910247]
TOP
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000436570100367
Funding OrganizationNSFC-ICIMOD Cooperation Project ; 135 Strategic Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Scholarship Fund of China
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/23764
Collection山区发展研究中心
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Jifei; Hutton, Craig
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
2.Univ Southampton, Geog & Environm Acad Unit, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England
3.Guizhou Normal Univ, Sch Geog & Environm Sci, Guiyang 500025, Guizhou, Peoples R China
4.Tribhuvan Univ, Cent Dept Geog, Kirtipur 44618, Nepal
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Jifei,Liu, Chunyan,Hutton, Craig,et al. Geographical Dynamics of Poverty in Nepal between 2005 and 2011: Where and How?[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2018,10(6):24.
APA Zhang, Jifei,Liu, Chunyan,Hutton, Craig,&Koirala, Hriday Lal.(2018).Geographical Dynamics of Poverty in Nepal between 2005 and 2011: Where and How?.SUSTAINABILITY,10(6),24.
MLA Zhang, Jifei,et al."Geographical Dynamics of Poverty in Nepal between 2005 and 2011: Where and How?".SUSTAINABILITY 10.6(2018):24.
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