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Modelling glacier variation and its impact on water resource in the Urumqi Glacier No. 1 in Central Asia
Hongkai Gao1,2,3,4; Hong Li5; Zheng Duan6; Ze Ren7; Xiaoyu Meng8,9; Xicai Pan10
2018
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
EISSN1879-1026
Volume644Pages:1160-1170
SubtypeArticle; Proceedings Paper
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

Climate warming is expected to accelerate glacier retreat and shift hydrological regime, which poses great threat to regional water resources in terms of amount, variability, and quality. This is especially true in arid regions with glaciers such as the Central Asia. However, few models manage to mimic both glacier runoff and surface changes with adequate performance. To narrow this gap, we integrated a spatially distributed hydrologicalmodel (FLEXG) and a glacier retreat model (Delta h-parameterization), and tested the new model in the Urumqi Glacier No. 1 catchment, which is best monitored in China. The model inputs include climate forcing, topographic map and initial ice thickness. Here we validated the model with runoff observation at downstream and glacier measurements, i.e. three historical glacier area maps (1980, 1994 and 2002), annual glacier mass balance (GMB) and equilibrium line altitude (ELA). Results show that the FLEXG-Delta h model performed well in estimating runoff (with Kling-Gupta efficiency 0.75 for hydrograph) and reproducing historical glacier area variation. Additionally the model generated reasonably spatial distribution of glacier thickness, which is important to examine glacier evolution at the Urumqi Glacier No. 1. Subsequently we ran the model forced by 12 combinations of two climate scenarios and six bias correction methods to assess the impact of climate change on glacier thinning, retreat, and its influence on water resource. The impact assessment shows that glacier area will lose up to a half (54%) of their 1980 extent in 2050, and up to 80% in 2100; while ice volume will decrease up to 79% in 2050, and 92% in 2100. The tipping point (peak water) of glacier melt supply was projected to occur around 2020 and then runoff would decrease significantly. These results alert us that there is a need for immediate mitigation measures to adapt to fast glacier change to assure long-term water security in this region. (c) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.

KeywordFlex Hydrological Model Glacier Retreat Model China Climate Change The Urumqi Glacier No. 1 Catchment Water Resources
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.004
Indexed ByCPCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000445164000119
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/23987
Collection中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding AuthorHong Li
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science (Ministry of Education), East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China;
2.School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China;
3.Key Laboratory for Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Process, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China;
4.Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA;
5.The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Norway;
6.Hydrology and River Basin Management, Technical University of Munich, Arcisstrasse 21, 80333 Munich, Germany;
7.Flathead Lake Biological Station, University of Montana, Polson, MT 59860, USA;
8.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Science, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, China;
9.University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100039, China;
10.Fengqiu Agro-ecological Experimental Station, State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hongkai Gao,Hong Li,Zheng Duan,et al. Modelling glacier variation and its impact on water resource in the Urumqi Glacier No. 1 in Central Asia[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2018,644:1160-1170.
APA Hongkai Gao,Hong Li,Zheng Duan,Ze Ren,Xiaoyu Meng,&Xicai Pan.(2018).Modelling glacier variation and its impact on water resource in the Urumqi Glacier No. 1 in Central Asia.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,644,1160-1170.
MLA Hongkai Gao,et al."Modelling glacier variation and its impact on water resource in the Urumqi Glacier No. 1 in Central Asia".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 644(2018):1160-1170.
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