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Alternative TitlePayment for ecosystem service of water resources protection: A case study of the upper reaches of the Minjiang River, China
Thesis Advisor王玉宽
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline自然地理
Keyword水资源 生态补偿 InVEST模型 成本核算 机制设计
Other AbstractPayment for ecosystem service (PES) of water resources protection has become an effective instrument to defuse the interests conflicts between the upstream and downstream of the watershed. There are three core questions, (i) who should pay and who should be paid, (ii) how much to compensate, and (iii) what is the appropriate compensation mechanism have not been solved. In this study, the upper reaches of the Minjiang River, Sichuan Province, China was chosen as the research areas. We researched the core questions in order to promote the implementation of the PES of water resources protection.On the basis of collecting and sorting the natural ecology data and social economic data, using GIS tools, InVEST model and questionnaire survey methods, we evaluated the annual average water retention of the upper reaches of the Minjiang River and calculated the ecosystem service providing costs, as well as analyzed the spatial variation in PES demands at county scale, sub-watershed scale and pixel scale. In addition, we analyzed the water resource demands and interest demands of the stakeholders in Chengdu City with questionnaire survey methods and stakeholders analysis method. Finally, according to the evaluation results, combined with the actual situation, we designed the mechanism of PES of water resources protection. And through analysis, comparison and summary of PES researches and cases both in China and abroad, we proposed the improvement suggestions for PES of water resources protection. The main conclusions are as follows:(1) The value of ecosystem water retention service and the costs of PES in the upper reaches of the Minjiang River are very great.(2) There are numerous stakeholders in the PES of water resources protection, we define the role in the PES with interest demands, behavior analysis and stakeholders analysis method.(3) According to the evaluation results, combined with the actual situation, we designed the PES of water resources protection.(4) The improvement suggestions of PES of water resources protection. 
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘菊. 流域水资源保护生态补偿研究——以岷江上游为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2017.
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