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Health Vulnerability Index for Disaster Risk Reduction: Application in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Region
Chan, Emily Yang Ying1,2,3; Huang, Zhe1; Lam, Holly Ching Yu1; Wong, Carol Ka Po1; Zou, Qiang4
Corresponding AuthorChan, Emily Yang Ying(emily.chan@cuhk.edu.hk)
2019-02-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN1660-4601
Volume16Issue:3Pages:16
AbstractDespite the importance of health vulnerability in disaster risk assessment, most of the existing disaster vulnerability indicators only emphasize economic and social vulnerability. Important underlying health risks such as non-communicable disease are not included in vulnerability measures. A three-phase methodology approach was used to construct a disaster risk model that includes a number of key health indicators which might be missing in global disaster risk analysis. This study describes the development of an integrated health vulnerability index and explains how the proposed vulnerability index may be incorporated into an all-hazard based disaster risk index in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), also known as the Silk Road Economic Belt, region. Relevant indicators were identified and reviewed in the published literature in PubMed/Medline. A two-stage dimension reduction statistical method was used to determine the weightings of relevant dimensions to the construction of the overall vulnerability index. The proposed final health vulnerability index included nine indicators, including the proportion of the population below 15 and above 65 years, under-five mortality ratio, maternal mortality ratio, tuberculosis prevalence, age-standardized raised blood pressure, physician ratio, hospital bed ratio, and coverage of the measles-containing-vaccine first-dose (MCV1) and diphtheria tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) vaccines. This proposed index, which has a better reflection of the health vulnerability in communities, may serve as a policy and implementation tool to facilitate the capacity-building of Health-Emergency Disaster Risk management (Health-EDRM).
KeywordHealth vulnerability Health-EDRM disaster risk Silk Road Economic Belt map Belt and Road Initiative
DOI10.3390/ijerph16030380
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordIMPACTS
Language英语
Funding ProjectGlobal Health and Disaster Studies and Research Development Fund, CUHK[CLP/OUT//2017] ; OAL China, CUHK ; International partnership program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[131551KYSB20160002]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000459113600086
Funding OrganizationGlobal Health and Disaster Studies and Research Development Fund, CUHK ; OAL China, CUHK ; International partnership program of Chinese Academy of Sciences
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/25186
Collection中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding AuthorChan, Emily Yang Ying
Affiliation1.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Collaborating Ctr Oxford Univ & CUHK Disaster & M, JC, Sch Publ Hlth & Primary Care,Fac Med, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford OX3 7BN, England
3.Harvard Univ, Francois Xavier Bagnoud Ctr Hlth & Human Rights, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chan, Emily Yang Ying,Huang, Zhe,Lam, Holly Ching Yu,et al. Health Vulnerability Index for Disaster Risk Reduction: Application in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Region[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,2019,16(3):16.
APA Chan, Emily Yang Ying,Huang, Zhe,Lam, Holly Ching Yu,Wong, Carol Ka Po,&Zou, Qiang.(2019).Health Vulnerability Index for Disaster Risk Reduction: Application in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Region.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,16(3),16.
MLA Chan, Emily Yang Ying,et al."Health Vulnerability Index for Disaster Risk Reduction: Application in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Region".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 16.3(2019):16.
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