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The LUCC and spatio-temporal variability of climate and their impacts on streamflow in the eco-environment source region of the Yellow river
Hongchang Hu1; Lajiao Chen2; Genxu Wang3; Ling Lu4
Author of SourceIEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing IGARSS
meetingIEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Conference DateJune 23, 2007 - June 28, 2007
Conference PlaceBarcelona
Contribution Rank3
AbstractAs the eco-environment source region of the Yellow river, Qinghai-Tibet plateau is the startup region of climate change in China and it's very sensitive to climate change. The streamflow in this study region decrease sharply since the mid-1980s. The streamflow shows least cycle of 5-10 years by analyzing the streamflow data in 40 years of three gauging stations (Maduo, Jimai and Tangnaihai) based on the plural Morlet wavelet analysis. The meteorological and streamflow data from 1986 to 2000 were separated into three periods, to obtain the 5 years' average data, and then the trend and cycle of the change are analyzed. The streamflow of the three stations in three periods decrease sharply compare to the average streamflow in the past 40 years, and the decreasing velocity of streamflow was increasing in recent years; especially in the Maduo gauging station, the average streamflow decrease 80% compare to the averaging streamflow in the past 40 year; the velocity of streamflow decrease from September to March in the next year is bigger than that from April to August. But the precipitation do not decrease in the three periods of three station; the daily minimum temperature increase 0.50, the daily maximum temperature also increase with less range; the change of surface water evaporation is irregular, which increase in the first two periods and decreased in the last period in Maduo station, while the Jimai station has opposite situation. Based on filed investigation and comparison of two periods of remote sensing data obtained in 1986 and 2000, from spatial distribution pattern variations and type transformation trend, the spatial changes and evolution pattern of land ecosystem in the eco-environment source regions of the Yellow river were analyzed using the analytical method of landscape ecological spatial pattern, the environment changed acutely. The high cover alpine cold steppe, medical cover alpine clod steppe, high cover alpine cold meadow, medial cover alpine cold meadow, swamp meadow, alpine cold swamp meadow decrease 19.35%, 24.96%, 3.32%, 9.82%, 13.08%, 40.82%, respectively; river, lake and glacier decrease 11.35%, 4.90%, 29.26%, respectively; low cover alpine cold steppe, low cover alpine cold meadow and desertification land increase 36.27 %, 3.25 %, 10.86 % respectively. The SWAT (soil and water assessment tools) model is employed in this study, the meteorological data were obtained through "Gradient plus Inverse-Distance-Squared" (GIDS) based on the 23 weather stations in or near the study area in recent 15 years, vegetation types were derived based on the two periods of remote sensing data, the required soil parameter is obtained from the soil classification and soil texture database at the scale of 1:1,000,000. The streamflow which simulated by the SWAT model match the observed data quite well, the Nash parameter of monthly and yearly modeled streamflow in the periods of calibration and validation all exceed 0.8. After simulating the streamflow and evapotranspiration under different climate and land use scenarios, this paper try to find the impacts of climate change and LUCC on the streamflow.
Keywordwavelet analysis streamflow LUCC climate change SWAT model
Indexed ByCPCI ; EI
WOS IDWOS:000256657304032
EI Accession NumberAccession number: 20080811106093
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type会议论文
Corresponding AuthorHongchang Hu
Affiliation1.College of Resource and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou Gansu 73000, China;
2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
3.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu Sichuan 610041, China;
4.Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hongchang Hu,Lajiao Chen,Genxu Wang,et al. The LUCC and spatio-temporal variability of climate and their impacts on streamflow in the eco-environment source region of the Yellow river[C]//IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing IGARSS:IEEE,2007:4546-4549.
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