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The Features of Rural Labor Transfer and Cultural Differences: Evidence from China's Southwest Mountainous Areas
Zhang, Shaoyao1,2; Song, Xueqian3; Wan, Jiangjun4; Liu, Ying1; Deng, Wei1,2,5
Corresponding AuthorDeng, Wei(dengwei@imde.ac.cn)
2019-03-02
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume11Issue:6Pages:15
AbstractLarge-scale rural labor transfer is considered an important means of promoting urbanization and poverty alleviation; however, it has been difficult to fully reveal the complexity of mountain labor transfer using traditional theory. In this study, macrostatistics and microsurvey data were employed to conduct an empirical analysis of rural labor transfer in Xichang, highlighting the regional features of rural labor transfer in the southwest mountainous areas of China. The results show that the employment structure of rural labor is dominated by agriculture; however, its proportion is decreasing annually. The development of secondary and tertiary industries significantly contributes to the non-agricultural employment of rural laborers, who transfer mainly to the building, industry, and consumption fieldsespecially consumption, which has the greatest ability to absorb surplus rural labor. Migration of the population and farmers' per capita net income promotes rural labor transfer, while the amount of rural labor, the urbanization rate in townships, agricultural development, and the topography have lagged effects on the process. This study argues that rural labor transfer in the mountains has regionality, multi-pattern, and gradient features; therefore, the promotion of rural labor transfer should consider local urbanization and poverty alleviation in such a manner that aligns with the local natural and socioeconomic conditions of the mountainous areas.
Keywordmountain rural labor cultural differences regionality gradient transfer China
DOI10.3390/su11061522
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordOUT-MIGRATION ; URBAN MIGRATION ; SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE ; IMPACT ; STRATEGIES ; MIGRANTS ; MOBILITY ; SICHUAN
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41471469] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41601141] ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative (STS program)[KFJ-STS-QYZD-060]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000465613000017
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative (STS program)
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/25954
Collection山区发展研究中心
Corresponding AuthorDeng, Wei
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Mt Dev, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chengdu Univ Informat Technol, Sch Management, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, Peoples R China
4.Sichuan Agr Univ, Dept Urban & Rural Planning, Sch Architecture & Urban Rural Planning, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
5.Int Eurasian Acad Sci, Chinese Sci Ctr, Beijing 100107, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Shaoyao,Song, Xueqian,Wan, Jiangjun,et al. The Features of Rural Labor Transfer and Cultural Differences: Evidence from China's Southwest Mountainous Areas[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2019,11(6):15.
APA Zhang, Shaoyao,Song, Xueqian,Wan, Jiangjun,Liu, Ying,&Deng, Wei.(2019).The Features of Rural Labor Transfer and Cultural Differences: Evidence from China's Southwest Mountainous Areas.SUSTAINABILITY,11(6),15.
MLA Zhang, Shaoyao,et al."The Features of Rural Labor Transfer and Cultural Differences: Evidence from China's Southwest Mountainous Areas".SUSTAINABILITY 11.6(2019):15.
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