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Characteristics, mechanisms and prevention modes of debris flows in an arid seismically active region along the Sichuan-Tibet railway route, China: a case study of the Basu-Ranwu section, southeastern Tibet
Hu, Guisheng1; Zhao, Chunyao2; Chen, Ningsheng1; Chen, Kunting1; Wang, Tao1
Corresponding AuthorChen, Ningsheng(chennsh@imde.ac.cn)
2019-09-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
ISSN1866-6280
EISSN1866-6299
Volume78Issue:18Pages:18
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe Basu-Ranwu section of the Sichuan-Tibet railway is in an arid and tectonically active valley characterized by rugged topography, sharp river incision and severe debris flow events. The study aims to provide scientific support for the prevention and control of debris flow in this section by revealing the dynamic characteristics, main controlling factors and distribution rules of debris flow. Research based on the analysis of field investigation data, remote sensing images, DEM and geological map has yielded the following results: (1) the forty-eight debris flows in the study area can be divided into five types based on the formation conditions, which are zonally distributed along the fault zone and also varied vertically in space and depended on the hardness of the underlying strata. (2) A complex geological and environmental background has provided appropriate material sources and favourable potential energy conditions conducive to the formation of disastrous debris flows. Additionally, the development of debris flows was affected by antecedent earthquakes and droughts, and disastrous debris flows are triggered by an abundant source of water. (3) The study area is located in the arid area, where the rainfall runoff is small and the scale of debris flow is relatively small, except for a few glacial lake outburst debris flows; therefore, the debris flow in this section can be controlled; prevention modes of debris flow hazards have been proposed for the railway engineering based on the types of railway engineering and the scale and type of the debris flows. The results provide an important and object scientific basis for route selection for geological engineering projects and for the control of debris flows in the Basu-Ranwu section of the Sichuan-Tibet railway.
KeywordSichuan-Tibet railway Arid seismically active region Lengqu River Debris flows Mechanisms Prevention mode
DOI10.1007/s12665-019-8554-z
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordEARTHQUAKE ; DEFORMATION ; INITIATION ; DURATION ; EXAMPLE ; SYSTEM ; IMPACT
Language英语
Quartile4区
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2018YFC1505202] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41861134008] ; Foundation of Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS[SDS-135-1705] ; Bomi geological disaster observation and research station of Chinese Academy of Sciences
TOP
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000485909000001
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Foundation of Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS ; Bomi geological disaster observation and research station of Chinese Academy of Sciences
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/27150
Collection山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChen, Ningsheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mt Hazards & Earth Surface Proc, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China
2.Ningxia Highway Survey & Design Inst Co Ltd, Ningxia 750004, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hu, Guisheng,Zhao, Chunyao,Chen, Ningsheng,et al. Characteristics, mechanisms and prevention modes of debris flows in an arid seismically active region along the Sichuan-Tibet railway route, China: a case study of the Basu-Ranwu section, southeastern Tibet[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES,2019,78(18):18.
APA Hu, Guisheng,Zhao, Chunyao,Chen, Ningsheng,Chen, Kunting,&Wang, Tao.(2019).Characteristics, mechanisms and prevention modes of debris flows in an arid seismically active region along the Sichuan-Tibet railway route, China: a case study of the Basu-Ranwu section, southeastern Tibet.ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES,78(18),18.
MLA Hu, Guisheng,et al."Characteristics, mechanisms and prevention modes of debris flows in an arid seismically active region along the Sichuan-Tibet railway route, China: a case study of the Basu-Ranwu section, southeastern Tibet".ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES 78.18(2019):18.
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