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震区典型受损区生态恢复过程中的土壤恢复率与空间异质性
Alternative TitleSoil recovery rate and spatial heterogeneity in the process of ecological restoration in an earthquake-affected area
刘颖1,2; 贺静雯1,2; 吴建召1,2; 崔羽1,2; 罗清虎1,2; 林勇明1,2; 王道杰3; 李键1,2
2019
Source Publication应用与环境生物学报
ISSN1006-687X
Volume25Issue:4Pages:823-830
SubtypeArticle
Contribution Rank3
Abstract在我国西南强地震影响区生态恢复重建的背景下,探明不同气候区不同恢复条件下的土壤有机碳(SOC)、全氮(TN)和全磷(TP)的恢复率以及空间异质性及其演变规律,对准确认识生态恢复作用下灾害干扰区的土壤恢复动态变化具有重要意义.选取汶川地震灾区干旱河谷气候区和亚热带季风气候区的受损治理区为研究样地,以邻近的未受损区为对照,分析地震后恢复期受损治理区土壤SOC、TN、TP的恢复率以及空间异质性的分布规律.结果表明,两种气候区内受损治理区SOC、TN、TP的含量整体上显著低于未受损区,说明地震后受损治理区的养分状况尚未恢复至震前水平.养分恢复率表现为亚热带季风气候区TN(53%-58%)、TP(51%-58%)高于干旱河谷季风气候区TN(32%- 36%)、TP(41%-49%),SOC的平均恢复率在两个气候区表现基本一致,亚热带季风气候区具有更高的养分恢复率.干旱河谷气候区受损治理区和未受损区的养分变异系数均高于亚热带季风气候区,说明干旱河谷气候区土壤结构稳定性较差,受灾害破坏更为严重,土壤养分的空间异质性较大,发生水土流失及次生灾害的可能性更大.干旱河谷气候区受损治理区的C:N值大于未受损区,而亚热带季风气候区则相反.上述研究表明灾区土壤养分结构受到严重破坏,而气候可能是影响土壤恢复的主导因子,结果可为灾区生态恢复进程提供理论依据.
Other AbstractTo improve ecological restoration and reconstruction and accurately understand the dynamic changes of soil recovery in an area affected by strong earthquakes in Southwest China, it is of great importance to evaluate the recovery rate and spatial heterogeneity of soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) under different restoration conditions in various climate zones. Taking the adjacent undestroyed area as the control, the destroyed and treated areas of the arid valley climate zone and the subtropical monsoon climate zone in Wenchuan earthquake-affected area were selected as the research plots; we analyzed the recovery rate of SOC, TN, TP and the distribution of spatial heterogeneity after the earthquake. The results showed that the content of SOC, TN, and TP in the destroyed and treated areas in the two climate zones were significantly lower than that in the undestroyed areas, indicating that the nutrient condition of destroyed and treated areas after the earthquake did not recovered to the pre-earthquake level. The recovery rate of TN (range 53%-58%), TP (range 51%-58%) in the subtropical monsoon climate zone was higher than that of TN (range 32%-36%), TP (range 41%-49%) in the arid valley climate zone, as the average recovery rate of SOC had the same performance in two climate zones. The subtropical monsoon climate zone had a higher nutrient recovery rate. The nutrient variation coefficient of the destroyed and treated area and the undestroyed areas in the arid valley climate zone was higher than that of the subtropical monsoon climate zone; this indicated that the soil structure stability in the arid valley climate zone was poor and seriously destroyed by the disaster, with the spatial heterogeneity of soil nutrients and high possibility of soil erosion and secondary disasters. The C:N value of the destroyed and treated area in the arid valley climate zone was larger than that of the undestroyed zone, whereas the subtropical monsoon climate zone was the opposite. Our results indicated that the soil nutrient structure in the disaster area was seriously damaged and that climate might be the dominant factor affecting soil recovery. These results can provide a theoretical basis for the process of ecological restoration in the disaster area.
Keyword地震灾区 土壤养分 恢复率 变异系数 化学计量比
DOI10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.12027
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6570287
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imde.ac.cn/handle/131551/31308
Collection山区发展研究中心
山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
Corresponding Author林勇明
Affiliation1.福建农林大学林学院;
2.福建省高校森林生态系统过程与经营重点实验室;
3.中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
First Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Corresponding Author Affilication中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘颖,贺静雯,吴建召,等. 震区典型受损区生态恢复过程中的土壤恢复率与空间异质性[J]. 应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(4):823-830.
APA 刘颖.,贺静雯.,吴建召.,崔羽.,罗清虎.,...&李键.(2019).震区典型受损区生态恢复过程中的土壤恢复率与空间异质性.应用与环境生物学报,25(4),823-830.
MLA 刘颖,et al."震区典型受损区生态恢复过程中的土壤恢复率与空间异质性".应用与环境生物学报 25.4(2019):823-830.
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